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To what extent do the sources support the view that the prime motives for the Soviet modernisation programme under Stalin (1927 - 41) were the same as those of the Tsarist regime (1890 - 1900)?

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Introduction

Unit 3 Coursework Assignment Part A Task - To what extent do the sources support the view that the prime motives for the Soviet modernisation programme under Stalin (1927 - 41) were the same as those of the Tsarist regime (1890 - 1900)? These sources seem to agree that the prime motives for the Soviet modernisation programme under Stalin were the same as those of Witte and the Tsarist regime; however this is only up to a certain extent. The sources agree that the causes of the modernisation of Russia were based on the country's economic goals. "The economic relations of Russia to western Europe are fully comparable to the relations of colonial countries with their mother countries" This extract from a letter to the Tsar from Witte (source one) ...read more.

Middle

"Without her own industry (Russia) cannot achieve genuine economic independence" The source continues to say that this was a desirable quality for the country to possess because "only countries, which enjoy economic independence, have also the capacity to fully unfold their political might" Therefore this implies that the modernisation programme was based on political ideology and according to source five concentrated on "the building of socialism" in Russia. The speech also indicates that there's a political agenda within the party; where a change in personnel is necessary through modernisation "It will merely rid the Party of people who are getting in its way". The more recent source three appears to raise another motive for Witte's plans. In referring to the military value of the Trans Siberian railroad "Witte's railway boom of the 1890's had an obvious strategic dimension in the Trans Siberian project that gave Russia much enhanced diplomatic and military leverage in the Far East" therefore Russia was given a political and military advantage by this move. ...read more.

Conclusion

This relates the country's economic weaknesses to its military needs. To conclude, these sources do agree that the aims of the Soviet modernisation programme under Stalin and the programme run during the Tsarist regime were similar. These aims were basically to achieve economic, political and military goals. All of these motives were interlinked with one another and therefore reliant upon one another. However there are some differences; which are to be expected as the two policies were introduced in different periods and by different individuals. But there were other reasons as to why the programme was established under Stalin, these were based around gaining power for himself and ridding the party of certain members, who he perceived as a threat. Therefore the aim of Stalin's policies was much more political, whereas Witte's had more of an unintentional political impact. Therefore the motives weren't entirely the same in both periods and the extent of the sources support is limited. Word count: 685 ?? ?? ?? ?? Sarah Farncombe ...read more.

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