• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent is it fair to conclude that Palmerston(TM)s foreign policy one long crime from 1830 to 1865?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent is it fair to conclude that Palmerston's foreign policy one long crime from 1830 to 1865? 3rd Viscount Palmerston (Henry John Temple) was a British statesman who served his country as a political figure in the mid 19th century. He was in office almost continuously from 1807 until his death in 1865. He began his parliamentary career as a Tory and concluding it as a Liberal. He was Prime Minister twice, first from 6th February 1855 to 19th February 1858. He was the Prime Minister again from12th June 1859 to 18th October 1865. During this time there were a number of controversial events and accusations bought against him usually because of his policies and for his determination for Britain not to be compromised at any costs. He was also Foreign Secretary three times, first during 1830-1834, secondly from 1835 to 1841 and then again during the period 1846-1851. Again during this period there were events that were seen as 'wrong' or incorrect. To examine whether Lord Palmerston's foreign policy was one long crime we first need to determine what a crime actually is. A crime is defined by something that goes against a law, or is anything illegal. However there are other types of crime, such as moral crime where the offender goes against set and accepted morals. Palmerston is often described as reckless and this is shown with his policy of gunboat diplomacy. He was also accused of not acting within his job and for often abusing his power and there is evidence that backs this up that the essay shall look at. ...read more.

Middle

Palmerston knew the Chinese were not strong enough to stop the British using force to get their way so he did use force. This force was called 'gunboat diplomacy'. This was used on a whim over the years by Palmerston and quickly became his crowning political move He was also immoral when he provided boats for the Italian revolutionist Garibaldi to get to the mainland. This was immoral as Palmerston was supposed to support the monarchies of Europe to consolidate Britain's own monarchy. Garibaldi himself was against the idea of a monarchy and wanted to overthrow the Italian monarchy, He was immoral again over Poland by not following through his promises. He said to Poland that he would support them in their revolt, however when the Polish did revolt Palmerston did nothing which meant that the revolt was brutally put down and the Polish were massacred. The 'Haynau Affair' was a terrible chapter in Palmerston's era which ruined the Anglo-Hungarian relations by completely disowning the General Haynau, this greatly annoyed the Queen as one of her state guests had been badly treated and this reflected on her as the leader as one of the greatest countries in the world. An expectation of a foreign secretary is to fulfil his role and to do nothing that would jeopardise his or the countries positions. However there were a couple of occasions where he did act outside of his job. One of these occasions was the infamous 'Haynau Affair'. The Hungarian diplomat General Haynau was on a state visit and was a guest of the Queen. ...read more.

Conclusion

This means that his actions were justified as he was only doing his job. He knew he was going to break the law but this was necessary to fulfil his job and to make sure Britain was not negatively affected. In conclusion Palmerston did commit many crimes during his time in office as both Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary, however he strongly believed that to keep Britain in its place in European and World standings these crimes and risks had to be committed. His gunboat diplomacy was often against the legal law but it was often for causes that would aid Britain in the long run, therefore the good outweigh the bad in this argument and the only conclusion anyone could come to is that Palmerstons foreign policy from 1830 to 1865 was not just one big crime. His policies did have criminal elements, however his aims were always for the good of the country this can be demonstrated by the fact the throughout Palmerstons reign Britain was never really threatened in its position on top of Europe if not the World. Britain remained respected in political affairs and when Palmerston spoke he was taken seriously. This can be shown as during the short time where he was not in office Britain quickly found itself in a war which would turn wrong for it as it was up against a country with far superior man power. However when Palmerston came back peace was quickly restored and Britain did manage to prevent Russian expansion. Because of all of theses reasons I think that Palmerston's foreign policy for 1830 to 1865 was not one long crime. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ben Symonds Pa12 13/11/07 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. To what extent wasBritain Romanised

    Religion Before Caesar's invasions, the Celts worshipped a number of spirits, believed to inhabit the sky, sea, mountains and trees. They satisfied these spirits through prayers and sacrifices. Some were associated with certain activities or places - for example,

  2. Charles the first was completely responsible for the civil war- to what extent is ...

    This makes situations a lot worse for the king. Scotland broke into war, To stop these situations getting worse Charles sends an army and stops enforcing the prayer book, the Scots are still not pleased, because now they have to pay a tax called 'cote and conduct' in basic terms it means they had to pay for the armies uniform and transport.

  1. To what extent were Stalins economic policies successful?

    Using these methods it is likely that Stalin will achieve his goals. They allow him to control everything that is going on and punish the people who aren't going to do what he wants. This means that people will not dare question Stalin so everything will run because of terror.

  2. Nazi Control and Hitler's Foreign Policy

    Radio was an especially effective method of propaganda as the Germans owned more radio's per head of population that the USA. Goebbels also believed that radio was important as he once stated "I consider radio to be the most modern crucial instrument that exists for influencing the masses.

  1. "The only good Indian is a dead one". To what extent can this statement ...

    Public influence was also influence by many books and plays that were written in the 19^th century many using propaganda methods and this proved to play a big part in peoples opinion. These groups saw the Indian as dead both their culture and as a race.

  2. Submarines essay

    However the French did not stop building the submarines. They carried on. They launched lots of submarine competitions to get the best submarine makers to help them develop the best submarines to win the seas with submarines. Their best competitions were to build the 200 ton submarine which had a 100 mile range on the surface.

  1. Ameican Youth Revolt

    Now the teenagers were rejecting their lifestyles. They were refusing to join the army and fight in Vietnam. They were angry about it and also hated racism. They had no faith in established politicians and in many ways people thought that the USA was in crisis.

  2. How Did Hong Kong Fall so Quickly to the Japanese in WWII

    This is also a good example for the British?s bad positioning, because the Japanese didn?t attack from the south sea, but just pushed down from the Shing Mun redoubt. The Japanese were able to invade Hong Kong so quickly was due to the 5th Columnists, a group of Chinese spies connected with the triads who worked for the Japanese.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work