• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent is the title “Tsar Liberator” a true description of Alex II?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To What Extent is the Title "Tsar Liberator" a True Description of Alex II? In 1855, Alex II came to power. He inherited a country with many problems. Economically Russia was backwards compared to many of the European powers. Socially, his people were isolated, disorganised and poorly educated. Politically his country was coming to a time of upheaval. To solve these problems, the Tsar was to bring in many reforms aimed at 'liberating' the people. This essay will examine to what extent he can truly be described as a Tsar Liberator. Traditionally the leader of Russia was called TSAR. The first Tsar was called Ivan III who came in 1480, and since then all Tsars have been AUTOCRATS. This means they had complete power over Russia and they did not take any consolation from anyone. Therefore, all the decisions made concerning Russia, was decided by only them. The Tsars believed in by having total power over Russia, this would help prevent excessive rich landowners from having too much power and managing the country. They also had a secret police force, called the OKHRANA, which was based in St Petersburg, which spied on everyone. Anyone who disagreed and spoke out against the government was shot or sent to Siberia. The Russian Orthodox Church supported the Tsar, with priests in each town and village educating the Russian people that he was the "Little Father" of them all and that they must follow him. ...read more.

Middle

Each serf was granted an allocation according to the area they owned. The serfs that were set free had to pay back to the State redemption taxes for 49 years, including interest at 6 %. Only when they had paid this, they would have full ownership of the land. Although, they were entitled to work on the Lord's land to pay off the redemption of the land. A peasant could only separate from his land from the commune when granted with consent of the mir, until the redemption tax was paid. The State peasants received much better treatment, but they had to wait a few more years until 1866 for their freedom. They were allowed plots of land on average over twice the size of what the private serfs received. The Household serfs received worst treatment; they had received no land but were still allowed freedom. Emancipation was both approved and chastised at the time. The peasants now owned less land than what they had before and on top of it they had to pay a redemption tax higher than the land was really worth. The landowner usually reserved the best land for himself, leaving the peasants with lands in horrible conditions especially in bad climates. Many peasants faced economic difficulties. It was due partly to the increasing amount of redemption and poll tax debts. ...read more.

Conclusion

The people had a lot more freedom because they were allowed to join the army even though they weren't wealthy . With the reforms in force, expectations were raised for the Tsar, which the Tsar would never be able to gratify. Especially the demands for a constitution and a national assembly. These were never granted. In the 1870's, young members of the gentry and the intelligentsia still weren't satisfied with Russia's political system and they were determined to change it. They believed that the future of Russia laid on their backs and it was their duty to fight back against the political system and they planned to do this by rousing the peasants into action. There were plenty of arrests in Moscow and St Petersburg. The movement was over with in a few months. But not all were arrested; few escaped and continued with the revolt by setting up a campaign called "Land and Liberty". The revolutionary opposition remained being taken care of the few that were still revolting until the next century. I believe that the title "Tsar Liberator" is not true because Alexander wasn't a liberator truthfully. He did not liberate the people for their own good, but only for his good so he could remain in power. He treated the people badly and tricked them into believing he was going to unify and liberate their country. Which wasn't true at all. Word Count: 1,776 Gabrielle Siracuse 12 MB History Essay- Standard 05/01/07 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why did Alexander II Emancipate the Serfs in 1861?

    5 star(s)

    by either the selfish conservatism of the land owners or the foolish violence of the revolutionaries is a myth."[11][11] It is this which plausibly suggests that Alexander was never really planning to change anything to any reforming extent, but just wanted to appease all members of society.

  2. Why and with what results did Alexander II abolish serfdom in Russia?

    A revolution would have meant giving up the tsar's unique autonomous control of the country, which was not something Alexander was prepared to do. After extensive tours of Russia, often stopping in desolate little villages, Alexander knew what the situation was like for those swamped by poverty.

  1. Stalin man or monster

    However this source is biased as it is published in the Soviet Union and at the time of Stalin being alive. However some of these qualities are true the fact he is devoted to his party and his iron will has contributed to communism.

  2. 'To What Extent Did Tsar Alexander III's Reign Mark A Major Change From That ...

    Again, further evidence that their reigns were so very different can be seen in their handling of each of these difficult and challenging situations that they had to contend with on their accessions to rule. Tsar Alexander II had taken to heart the very apparent deficiencies in the Russian system and had made the first tentative steps toward reform.

  1. The blance sheet for russia.

    Without the Bolshevik Party, without the leadership of Lenin and Trotsky, the Russian workers would never have taken power in 1917, despite all their heroism. The revolutionary party cannot be improvised on the spur of the moment, any more than a general staff can be improvised on the outbreak of war.

  2. How Fair were the Intentions of Alexander II and Why did the Emancipation of ...

    His intentions on the surface appear to be genuinely to create a better life for the serfs, as shown in his Emancipation Act: 'We vowed in Our heart to...surround with Our affection and Our Imperial solicitude all Our faithful subjects of every rank and condition...

  1. To what extent does Alexander II deserve the title

    Alexander the second didn't really get any gratitude from the serfs and lost respects of the nobility. This level of resentment did not, nevertheless, create a strong challenge to the autocracy because of the largely uneducated peasantry.

  2. How valid is the view that the reign of Alexander II achieved nothing of ...

    The State peasants, although granted their freedom much later in 1866, were given much better treatment and held lands almost twice the size of those held by the privately-owned serfs. Freedom, the basic human right, had been achieved for the serf population of Russia and the reform was praised as a moral success.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work