• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What Extent Was Balkan Nationalism Responsible for the Outbreak of the First World War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Pal Shah 07/09/2003 11 C History HL To What Extent Was Balkan Nationalism Responsible for the Outbreak of the First World War? The First World War was a long and tragic war that kidnapped Europe into four years of war with each other. The war left behind it an appalling saga of a raped Europe - ten million dead, millions of widows and orphans, unredeemable destruction to countries and cities, and emotionally tortured millions of minds. The question though, is who caused this atrocious circumstance in Europe? And what pulled in so many countries in a one war? One victim of the blame is Balkan Nationalism - but the real question is: To what extent is this nationalism responsible towards the inauguration of the First World War? In 1914 Europe was a melting pot of tension. The reason for this was the fact that the "Super Powers" of Europe were at the epitome of a power struggle. There were the "Entente" powers of one side, with the United Kingdom (U.K), France, and Russia on one side, and the "Central" powers - Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy, on the other side. ...read more.

Middle

This would be as the Balkans was a hotspot of European conflict, and actions like these, that could create havoc in a "Super Power" (Austria-Hungary), would be absolutely unacceptable. It is reasonable on the side of the Austria-Hungarians' to be concerned by such terrorist groups, that want to fuel nationalism in a empire that has so many ethnic minorities being ruled over by a one Emperor. This - the "Black Hand" and their gang - were one of the prime reasons of why Balkan nationalism was responsible for the outbreak of World War I. Another reason why Serbian Nationalism was responsible for the outbreak of World War I, would be due to the fact that not only are groups like the "Black Hand" promoting nationalism (and Serbian at that), but by doing so, they are encouraging the Serbs in Austria Hungary to revolt. The aim of this would be that by revolting against Austria-Hungary, the Serbians would join Serbia, to form a "Greater" Serbia - which was the aim of the "Black Hand." ...read more.

Conclusion

Likewise, there is also the reality that Serbia could have accepted the terms of the Ultimatum, and avoided conflict with a "Super Power," which was bound to get all of Europe into war. Serbia in all likelihood knew that them rejecting the Ultimatum would lead to a major war in Europe - but decided to put their nationalism before logic. Serbia decided that it should show its people how patriotic the Government can be, and therefore did not give into to a power like Austria-Hungary. Thereby, due to all the reasons mentioned above, one can see that Austria-Hungary saw Serbia as a growing threat to their dominancy in the Balkans, as Serbia too was a growing and an influential power in that region. This tension is one of the chief reasons for the outbreak for war. This could have been avoided if Serbia would have simply understood that their ambitious expansion plans at the cost of other nations would simply not work, and that an influence-in-the-region race would not work with a "Super Power" such as Austria-Hungary. One can conclude, therefore, that Serbian Nationalism was to blame for the outbreak of the First World War. 1 Source: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWblackhand.htm ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why Did The First World War Break Out in 1914?

    5 star(s)

    To complete the picture, Britain and France then declared war on Austria on 12th August. As you can see this all started off a chain reaction throughout Europe causing the First World War to take place. Due to the evidence above I think that the assassination of the Archduke and

  2. To what extent was the Alliance System responsible for the outbreak of the First ...

    Russia was promised support on her claims on the Straits if she supported Austria-Hungary in the annexation. The trick by Aehrenthal brought important consequences such as negotiations between Greece and Montenegro with Turkey and Serbia which involved military plans and the opposition to Austria-Hungary by Russia, which brought it to support Serbia.

  1. To what extent was Austria the main obstacle to the unification of Italy in ...

    Also, the provisional governments failed to take effective action, lacked resources and experience meaning that none of the states which gained independence- Sicily, Lombardy and Venetia were able to retain it. This was similar to what had happened in the French Revolution at the end of the eighteenth century where many of the rulers had expected to be defeated.

  2. To what extent was Germany responsible for causing the First World War?

    During the Moroccan crisis German was clearly testing the strength of the Entente Cordiale. Its provocative behaviour increased the feeling of mutual antipathy between Germany and France. Its behaviour during the July crisis also indicates an eagerness to go to war.

  1. Who Was Responsible for The Tragedy at Gallipoli in 1915?

    However, although much of the blame lies in the hands of the British, the New Zealand, Australian and French commanders must also share this responsibility. They also did not organize their attacks or their strategies, and as a result, lost many men in unnecessary attacks.

  2. To what extent was Europe, 1890, an area of growing tension sowing the seeds ...

    He was also influenced by Pan-German feelings to support Austria's expansionist policy in the Balkans. When William II came to power in Germany, he thought that sooner or later Germany he allowed the Reinsurance Treaty to lapse. He stressed Germany's political and military ties with Austria.

  1. Unification Movements - Italian unification

    * 1. France tried to get Luxemburg (a place between Germany and France) in 1867, but she failed. * 2. France also failed to make alliance with Prussian. * After 1867, anti-Prussian advisor dominated the government and refused the idea of union of western and southern part of Germany.

  2. 'The First World War was the result of a badly mismanaged Balkan Crisis in ...

    policy was in some ways caused by a fear of encirclement, stemming from the alliance system. It would seem that although the alliance system was a cause of some tension, it was also a symptom of increased and prolonged friction.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work