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To what extent was Hitler a totalitarian dictator?

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Introduction

Antoine Allen 11.E1 To what extent was Hitler a totalitarian dictator? A totalitarian ruler creates a totalitarian state. One in which the leader, in this cases Adolf Hitler has total control of the government and the people. A totalitarian dictator is a person or organisation who has total control and authority over a nation. This is the basis of totalitarianism. The historian Fredrick definition is 'totalitarian state must; attempt to control every aspect of people's lives; be a dictatorship with one party and one leader; have the countries media, economy and education system firmly under control of the state. The totalitarian state may also, tend to be both militaristic and nationalistic.' This essay will examine the extent to which Hitler achieve achieved this. Hitler's dictatorship was based on his ability to manipulate the law and keep himself and the Nazi part within the boundaries of the laws. This makes him a totalitarian because he was able to make his country only one party and one leader. This fits exactly into what Fredrick defines. Hitler may seemingly fit into the category of totalitarianism because of being the only leader and he had in place Nazi officials to control all the states in the towns in the country but arguably he only had control over the economy for 3 years. People believe the economy was recovering due to the end of the depression. Hitler was more of a medieval monarch in the way in, which handled the state and his affairs, because there was a lot of pomp like Nuremburg Rallies. This was due to Hitler being lazy. He despised paper work and party members would have to go to Bavaria and flatter him before proposing their laws. Is this a dictator tuned into pulse of a nation? Also this shows Hitler is less of a totalitarian dictator as he simply signed other peoples laws and paper work. ...read more.

Middle

Before local government had the choice of discarding the central governments rules, they no longer had this choice. Hitler controlled the government all over the country. Also he controlled the media and church he used all this control and censorship. Hitler allowed the party to be able to survive in the event of his demise; well he tried to do this. Hitler kept himself and the party legal this was done to please external forces such as foreign countries. After his failed illegal attempts to power, he realised the only way was the legal way. This helped and strengthened his control over the nation because the people knew that he democratically gained power and was their choice. This fits exactly into the Fredrick description of totalitarian dictatorship. He controlled the people lives and church. The people followed Hitler because of his use of terror. Hitler and other dictators use terror because it leaves deep scars on the survivors forever and shapes the rest of their lives. Leaving them afraid of being touched by the terror and fear not being conformists. Terror was used because it was expeditious. Hitler could simply get the Gestapo to drag someone out their house during the night and it would spread fear and horror among the people. He did this to gain total control over the people; this would strengthen his regime, as people would not rebel against the Nazis. There were 3 instruments of terror in the Nazi hierarchy, the S.S otherwise known as the elite guard, The Gestapo and S.D. They often overlapped and confronted each other, this was instigate from Hitler's opinion that this would result in the strongest follower emerging victorious. This strengthened Hitler's regime by making each of the organisation work hard to topple the others successes. The Gestapo was organised by G�ring, who administrated two thirds of German controlled Prussian police. After purging regular police, he replaced them with Nazis. ...read more.

Conclusion

This made it easy for Hitler to have total control as he was controlling the education and the future of the children. Like Orwell says 'who ever controls the past controls the present, who ever controls the present controls the future'. Hitler held all the keys to time; this helped him because he could compare the Nazis to other great empires. Hitler was a totalitarian dictator, with the Enabling Act he had no opposition, the rubber stamp parliament, he had the Gestapo as a secret police and he had the media. He was able to terrorise, manipulate and control the lives of the German people, through this he gained power and totalitarian status. In Hitler's Germany there were many characteristics of a totalitarian state. The government ran and censored the media. Most forms of media could potentially be interfered with or heavily censored. This removes freedom of speech, therefore enabling the government to influence popular opinions via fallacious new messages of propaganda. Propaganda within Nazi Germany was highly successful. The Nazis realised the necessity of using radios and newspapers as a means of indoctrinating the masses. Also they knew the level of control these mediums held over the unsuspecting population. They used their mediums to show Hitler and the party had overwhelming support and control. This strengthened the regime as it made the people part of a community and those who did not fit the community stood out like a Hitler in a synagogue. In essence Germany under Hitler was a very good example of what a totalitarian state is. People did not question the establishments decisions, it was popular conception that if you did such a thing like confronting the establishment, you would be imprisoned or worse something like the Night of the long Knives would happen to you. This belief; the terror aloud Hitler to get total control over the people and their lives. This lead to hysteria, the people either knew the state was corrupt or was too afraid to tell anyone. This is a true totalitarian state. As Hitler orchestrated it, he is and was a totalitarian dictator. ...read more.

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