• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13

To what extent was Roosevelt's New Deal the reason why America was able to overcome the social, economical and financial problems of the great depression?

Extracts from this document...


To what extent was Roosevelt's New Deal the reason why America was able to overcome the social, economical and financial problems of the great depression? Even today, almost 70 years after Roosevelt introduced his New Deal the question of whether or not it was a success is still unanswered. "This nation asks for action and action now....we must act, and act quickly" 1 Roosevelt came to his position as president at a time of crisis and had promised a 'New Deal' for the American people which would help America rebuild herself after the great depression. Roosevelt wanted to revive the economy and provide support for those who had been hit the hardest by the depression. He promised to end prohibition, cut unemployment by creating new jobs for people and help the industries; businesses and farms recover from the depression2 The Roaring Twenties From America the 1920's were an era of prosperity. America had wanted isolation from the rest of the world so tariffs had been introduced on all imported goods, which would have encouraged Americans to buy US goods. American would then be able to supply itself and consequently reduce overseas competition. This demand for goods led to a period of mass production. The First World War had provided an opportunity for American companies to make large profits by selling weapons to America's allies whose industrial production was comprised by their war economies. Also during WW1 France and Britain had relied on America to loan them money to fund the manufacture of their weapons to enable them to keep fighting the opposition in the war, these loans were still being paid off well after the war had ended.3 The Fragility of the Boom However this affluence could not last for ever, America was over producing which meant that the market would soon become saturated. Industries had produced thousands of goods but the demand was no longer there, as those who could afford the goods already owned them so consumption began to decline. ...read more.


Supporting the people of America The Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) was led by Harry Hopkins who believed that men should be put to work and not be given charity. This agency sent funds to depleting local relief agencies and also funded public work programs, within two hours $5million were given out and deteriorating relief programs were revitalized. The Civil Works Administration (CWA) gave the unemployed jobs building or repairing roads, parks, airports and other public places. This not only provided a physical boost to its 4million workers but also a psychological one.21 Roosevelt had succeeded in creating more jobs, which helped reduce the number of unemployed, to 7.7 million by 1937 from 12.83 million just 4 years before.22 The CWA and FERA also helped repair many public places, which was a beneficial, step in rebuilding America. The National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) of June 1933 was formed to boost declining prices and to help businesses and workers. NIRA allowed trade associations in many industries to write codes regulating wages, working conditions, production and prices. "If all employers in each competitive group agree-to pay their workers the same wages-reasonable wages-and require the same hours-reasonable hours-then higher wages and shorter hours will hurt no employer. Moreover, such action is better for the employer than unemployment and low wages, because it makes more buyers for his product. That is the simple idea which is the very heart of NIRA"23 The Public Works Association (PWA) was a part of the NIRA and often regarded as one of the best parts launched projects such as the Grand Coulee Dam on the Columbia River and gave the unemployed jobs helping enforce these new programs. Roosevelt placed a lot of efforts into reducing the rate of unemployment, which is why so many of his proposals were focused around creating new jobs. The Civilian conservation Corps (CCC) was an environmental program, which positioned 2.5million unmarried men in work, maintaining and restoring forests, beaches and parks. ...read more.


"During Franklin Roosevelt's first term, the New Deal did not cure the underlying economic problems. It was the war that did that. Within a matter of months, six million workers found new jobs"33 By 1943 unemployment had been reduced to just 1.07 million from almost 13 million at the height of the depression.34 Without the New Deal, however, the country would still have been in a state of recession, and might have been unable to help with the war effort at all. Generally, Roosevelt's New deal had been a success; it had brought to America a great change, which contributed greatly to the restoration of the country. Child labour was prohibited and a national wage and maximum hours legislation was established. By the time that the New Deal had ended organised labour had more imperative and influential position in American society than it had ever had before. The New Deal had to a great extent reduced the reputation and power of big businesses and put a significant number of measures to stabilise America's economy. It had re-established the public's assurance in society introduced new laws and schemes to help prevent a new depression. In conclusion, the extent of which Roosevelt's New Deal was a success will forever remain unknown. President Roosevelt was a great inspiration to the American people in the 1930's and still today is remembered as one of America's greatest and most influential presidents. Although many may critise the New Deal and the way that Roosevelt dealt with the problems of the depression, there is no way of telling whether or not America would be the super power it is in the present day if Roosevelt hadn't have proposed his schemes and policies which were contained in his New Deal. Word Count: 3956 Appendix 1. Estimated unemployment in America between 1929 and 1943, The USA 1919-1942, Peter Mantin p.63 Year Estimated Unemployment in millions 1929 1.55 1930 4.34 1931 8.02 1932 12.06 1933 12.83 1934 11.34 1935 10.61 1936 9.03 1937 7.70 1938 10.30 1939 9.48 1940 8.12 1941 5.56 1942 2.66 1943 1. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Study the following interpretations of the effects of the New Deal. The New Deal ...

    The billboard also has a picture of a happy white family in a car. The photograph shows a clear contrast between what the New Deal was supposed to be about, and how it actually turned out. I think that the photographer who took this picture was deliberately trying to show

  2. The USA

    And he was sent to 12th Street, where he could not get any further in his career. While he was there, he had been given money for not to stop prohibition, at the end of the day, he did actually take the money, which was also a criminal; he was just doing what his superior did.

  1. To What extent was Prohibtion doomed to fail from its inception?

    however homemade alcohol did great damage to health, "this often inexpertly distilled alcohol made from corn could be lethal, causing paralysis, blindness and sometimes death."10 Unless the government also banned the ingredients by which alcohol was made, it was possible for citizens to continue making their own, however it was

  2. The crash (causes and consequences of the Wall Street Crash)

    Thousands of farmers were ruined. Farmers from the south and mid-west moved away in droves - over 350,000 - after the dust storms of the early 1930s. They looked for work and better land to farm, especially after the dust storms, which often wrecked land and homes.

  1. US Government Camps in the Great Depression

    The government camps were like little cities. These had schools, post office, barber shop, community hall, libraries and running water.

  2. The Roaring Twenties

    America became a melting pot for immigrants. But by 1917, the US government rethought this policy because they though immigrants were their people's 'job'. The government passed a law stating that immigrants have to take a literacy test before they can come in.

  1. The Great Depression

    Unfortunately other countries were trying to maintain an international gold standard in order to continue to meet the monetary contraction that was occurring in the United States (Romer). Sadly, this resulted in the deterioration of output and prices throughout countries all over the world.

  2. Was the New Deal a success? (Source based questions)

    that the New Deal was giving the American people what they could not do themselves. Fuller and Perkins disagree so tremendously due to the fact that they both grew up so differently. Fuller feels he was in the same position that the poor are in now (after the Depression)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work