• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was the economic crash of 1929, and the depression which followed, damaging to the League?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent was the economic crash of 1929, and the depression which followed, damaging to the League? The economic problems caused by the crash were worldwide and, as well as damaging the trade and industry of all countries, it affected relations between countries and led to important political changes within countries. People were more willing to accept right-wing, dictatorial governments who told them their country was superior and that it was fine for them to take what they wanted by force. Although not necessarily the truth, this was the kind of thing people wanted to hear in the circumstances. Between 1929 and 1939, 25 countries became dictatorships because of this. The most significant political change occurred in Germany - after America called in all its loans to Germany so they could sort out their own economic problems, German industry collapsed and unemployment and poverty severely crippled the German community. ...read more.

Middle

Without the trade Japan couldn't feed its people and so the army leaders agreed that the solution to Japan's problems was to build up its empire by force. The opportunity to do this presented itself in the form of Manchuria which they invaded in 1931 as retaliation for the Chinese supposedly sabotaging the South Manchurian Railway (which was controlled by the Japanese army). China appealed to the League who, after a considerable amount of time, agreed that Japan's actions were unlawful but when ordered to leave China, Japan withdrew from the League. At the same time, Mussolini was also trying to build an empire, to draw attention away from the difficulties the Italian government were facing by adopting a more aggressive, nationalistic foreign policy, and invaded Abyssinia. ...read more.

Conclusion

Due to all this, the League began to crumble and in 1932, in the middle of the Manchurian crisis, British elder statesman Sir Austen Chamberlain said, "...I was sad to find everyone [at the League] so dejected. The Assembly was a dead thing. The Council was without confidence in itself..." The whole point of the League and most of its aims were being destroyed - self-interest ruined the ideas of international co-operation, disarmament and international peace - and without the power or status of countries like Japan or Italy, the League had become nothing more than an organisation that was, according to British diplomat Harold Nicholson, "...the laughing stock of Europe." ?? ?? ?? ?? Gabbi Shields L5O ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Why was the Abyssinian crisis a death blow to the league when the Manchurian ...

    There was no question of who was going to win. One of the main reasons for this was that the league was at least seen to do the right thing in the Manchurian crisis as they condemned Japan for invading and although they didn't do anything about it they did, in the end, came to the right decision.

  2. 'The rise and decline of the great powers can be explained by their relative ...

    As in Germany, extremism was taking hold. Therefore it was primarily because of the country's weakened state, economic decline, unstable government, and poor military caused by World War 1, that the country entered into Communism as a solution to its problems.

  1. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    Since 19th century much effort was spend to preserve peace - a balance of power; encirclement of aggressive country etc. However the system of balance of power lacked the essential institution to preserve it. A concert of Europe came to play only when the power wanted to do so.

  2. Why was the Abyssinian crisis a death blow to the league when the Manchurian ...

    There was no question of who was going to win. One of the main reasons for this was that the league was at least seen to do the right thing in the Manchurian crisis as they condemned Japan for invading and although they didn't do anything about it they did, in the end, came to the right decision.

  1. Great Depression

    The crash was an economic collapse which affected almost every country in the World When companies need more Money, they can borrow it from the bank, or they can sell shares (small parts of the company) If you buy a share you receive a dividend (a parto f the companies profits)

  2. ATHENS & THE DELIAN LEAGUE

    As it had done previously, the Athenian Council was placed in charge of supervising the collection of funds from each paying state. As a further consequence, the funds were used to support Athenian interests within the city itself. Tributes were used to pay for building funds and some even went directly to the treasury of Athene.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work