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To what extent was the First World War a cause of the Russian Revolution?

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Introduction

To what extent was the First World War a cause of the Russian Revolution? BY KATIE NEWELL A diverse group of factors sparked the fire of the Russian Revolution. Each of these problems gradually over time built up and caused what would be a major event in Russia's history. The First World War was a substantial failure for Russia which massively lowered the Tsar's popularity and authority. The Russian people began to question themselves whether or not they could put their trust in the Tsar. Furthermore, as well as the appalling conditions at the front line, some levels of the Russian society were already dissatisfied with the poor conditions back at home. They were being harshly treated and affected by mass food shortages which also showed just how much the Tsar could not cope under such circumstances like the First World War. The following factors will show how they worked together to bring about the fall of the Russian Monarchy. ...read more.

Middle

Of what food that was being produced could not be transported to the cities due to the basic rail network that couldn't cope with the needs of the army and cities. Workers had fixed wages and peasants received fixed prices for their produce, so they quickly became poorer. As well as not being paid much, they were also living in appalling, dirty conditions. This led to many revolts by the workers including the revolt in Asian Russia where the Tsar tried to conscript Muslims into the army. The Middle classes were upset by the defeats and shortages at the Front. By the end of 1916, the 'Zemstra' were appalled at how bad the army were being treated so they set up medical organisations and joined war committees to send other supplies to the troops. In 1916, the industries who were badly coping with the numbers of supplies needed, were struggling to fulfil war contracts due to the shortage of important raw materials such as metals and fuels. ...read more.

Conclusion

Other long term affects that caused problems were the fact that there was a lack of raw materials and the Tsar took all the money in taxes whilst the peasants and middle classes were left with none. These problems led to opposition groups that believed in Marxism which meant that they believed in Karl Marx's revolutionary ideas. It had spread rapidly through the working and middle classes. The rise of industrialisation in Russia affected the home front as well as the front line. The lack of raw materials such as metals and fuels made the economy of the country fall as money was unavailable. This led to the poor rail network as there was no metal to extend or develop the system which meant that supplies could not be transported to the troops or even the people in the cities. As you can see, the above factors sparked the Russian Revolution with the Tsar being behind nearly all of them. Clearly then, the Tsar was the main cause behind all the problems leading to the collapse of the Russian Monarchy in 1917. ...read more.

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