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To what extent was the Nazi party responsible for the collapse of the Weimar Republic in the period 1929 - 1933?

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To what extent was the Nazi party responsible for the collapse of the Weimar Republic in the period 1929 - 1933? * The situation in Germany before 1929 After the war Germany had been force to sign clause 231 and in 1923 a reparations bill was set at �6600m, the economy was in ruins after the Weimar republic failed to act on the inflation of the currency and so printed more money to which lead to hyperinflation. The Ruhr was invaded by the French, which had Germany's richest coal mines and weakened the economy. The military was severely weakened and the Weimar constitution was weak as no party had a majority within the Reichstag. There was unrest within the country as there was the Kapp putsch in 1920, led by Wolfgang Kapp and General Ludendorff later the Munich putsch led Hitler. By the time Gustav Stresemann had came along things started to get better, he introduced the new Rentenmark which stabilised the economy and sorted out the hyperinflation. ...read more.


* The reasons for Nazi progress. In 1930 national politics were unstable, in June 1930 the Nazi party won 14.4% of the vote in Saxony 9% higher than the previous year. Joseph Gobbels was recently appointed the party's propaganda minister and organized election programs in local as well as nationwide polls. Their representation in the Reichstag increased by 95 seat and they increased there votes by 5.6m votes. As a result Brunings government governed with less support and had to rely on the SPD and the use of Article 48. The economic collapse in 1931 turned the attention of Nazis the tactics away from them. One of Brunings economic policies had been to remove reparations payment. Impending freezes on reparations and a Austro-Hungarian trade agreement resulted in loss of capital and the collapse of the Austrian Bank, followed by the closure of all Germans banks for three weeks. This caused confusion and high unemployment and the intervention of Hugenburg. The Nazis the abolition so the Treaty of Versailles which meant rearming and making Germany strong again also reversing Clause 231. ...read more.


The Reichstag fire in 1933 meant that Hitler was able to round up his political opponent parties such as the KPD, so he was able to rule as a one party state. * Conclusion The Nazis were to an extent able to bring about the fall of the Weimar Republic but there were also economic events which contributed to the fall of the Republic. If the Wall Street Crash had not occurred it is likely the Nazis would not have been able to come to power. By 1929 people within Germany did not want to vote for extremist parties, when Hitler came out of prison things had calmed down and the economy within Germany was running smoothly and they were gaining better foreign relations due to Gustav Stresemann. In 1929 when the Wall Street Crash occurred the Republic had to take on the knock on effect which led to high unemployment and unrest as people were going back to the lives they had before Germany had stabilised. The Nazis offered strong economic polices to reduce unemployment and make Germany a proud country again. Minh Pritchard History Gavin Scrase ...read more.

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