To What Extent Was The United Kingdom Successful in Negotiations at the Congress of Vienna
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To What Extent Was The United Kingdom Successful in Negotiations at the Congress of Vienna Throughout the years of 1804 - 1815, Europe faced many problems; all of which were caused by an evil man, for some, but for others a legend, called Napoleon Bonaparte. When crowned emperor in 1804 he decided to make his dreams come true, make France the strongest country in Europe and in the world. For this, he created a gigantic army and began to conquer all Europe. With this happening, the other major countries of Europe saw the importance of getting together and deciding what to do with France and all the territory it had won with Napoleon campaigns. Austrian, Britain, Russian, French and Prussian ministers and representatives all decided to get together in Vienna and decide the new territorial arrangements of Europe, after napoleon had been defeated. In six months from November 1814 to May 1815, the famous treaty of Vienna was settled.
By the British point of view, containment had to specially focus on France, so there would be no future threats by this nation. The other country to be observed was Russia. The British saw Russia as an emerging and very ambitious superpower and Tsar Alexander as a man of great ambitious plans. This issue in Vienna led to another discussion, which was about lasting peace that focused on making Europe return to how it was. People wanted Europe to be again a place of no different viewpoints and that all nations could be friendly to each other. The British thought that the balance of power in central Europe was crucial for this to happen, so Castlereagh fought thoroughly for territory to be given to Prussia and Austria. Another topic very discussed in the Vienna conference was compensation, which all nations even indirectly quested for. These were most obtained together with the territorial reshaping of Europe.
This also led to what Britain imagined of how to protect lasting peace in Europe, which was what its population wanted and to improve commerce in the whole of Europe and this could very well favour the British economy. What didn't turn out well for the British was the fact that Tsar Alexander got what he wanted, he managed to increase the size of Russia with new territory he won with the treaty. This wasn't good at all for the British because they saw Alexander's Russia as a future threat and a country who had the ambition to be stronger and stronger at all time meaning this could culminate in the creation of another single power in Europe. This could create terrible effects for the continent and also for the lasting peace that the British population desired. Sources: Books: * The Great powers 1814 - 1914, Eric Wilmot. Websites: * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congress_of_Vienna ?? ?? ?? ?? Bernardo Teixeira -10 O History - Mr. Phillip Briggs
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