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To what extent was the weimar republic doomed?

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Introduction

To what extent was the Weimar Republic Doomed? Discus in relation to the period of 1918-1929 Between the years of 1918 and 1923, there were a number of things to suggest that the Weimar Republic was doomed. World War I had left Germany with many problems to deal with. The war had resulted in much destruction and the government was unstable. The Treaty of Versailles was signed by the new democratic government, the Weimar Republic, on 28th June 1919 in order to sustain peace after WWI. The terms included reparations, military restrictions and territorial losses. That which was most resented and caused the most opposition, however, was article 231; it stated that Germany was to take the blame for causing the war. This resulted in the development of the 'stab in the back' theory, which claimed weak politicians were to blame for signing the treaty and demanding peace. This blame was focused at the new Weimar Republic. The Weimar constitution was an attempt to set up a democratic government. ...read more.

Middle

Hitler and Goerring, along with 600 stormtroopers, stopped a meeting held in a beer hall in Munich and attempted to gain support in overthrowing the Reich government. However, news of the putsch reached the government and, the following day, it was crushed by the army and the police and Hitler was imprisoned. This was not the end of the Nazi Party. Although the Munich Putsch was a disaster in the short term, Hitler used his time in prison to write Mein Kampf. This was a success for Hitler as his ideas became well known. The Putsch also made him realise that he would have to use constitutional means in order to gain power. He learnt how to win over the public through powerful speeches instead of through violence. This was threatening for the Republic as people looking for solutions to the problems they were unable to solve became more aware of alternative parties. Despite this, things greatly improved for the Weimar Republic from 1924 to 1929. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was blamed for the terms issued by the Treaty of Versailles, resulting in an association with defeat which was hated by the German people. The instability of the government made it weak and the occupation of the Ruhr meant that confidence in the economy collapsed. The effects of hyperinflation and the Wall Street Crash of 1929 resulted in many people looking elsewhere for solutions, which was provided by extremist parties such as the Nazis, whose power increased following the Munich putsch. However, things were not all bad for the Weimar Republic. Germanys acceptance into the League of Nations reinstated power which previously appeared to have been lost and the introduction of the Young Plan removed Allied occupational forces from the Rhineland. The stability of the government appeared to be increasing and the Dawes Plan gave a much-needed solution to hyperinflation. In conclusion, while the Weimar Republic appeared to be doomed at the beginning, it recovered for a period from 1924 during which it provided many solutions to the problems it was faced with. Therefore, the Weimar Republic was not completely doomed. ...read more.

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