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To what extent was there stability in Europe in the 1920's

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Introduction

Sophie Thompson To what extent was there stability in Europe in the 1920's? In the 1920's there was many changes that improved Europe but there was some that caused many problems. Many Historians have questioned the stability of Europe in the 1920's. The following points give evidence of this stability: Washington Conference 1921 Rapello Treaty 1924 Dawes Plan 1924 Locano Treaties 1925 Kellogg-Briand Pact 1928 Young Plan 1929 The League of Nations and its solving of a number of minor international disputes. Germany joins League of Nations Disarmament in Germany 'The Booming Twenties' Stability in the 1920's was becoming reality. In the Washington conference involving USA, Britain, France and Japan had all agreed to limit the size of their navies. In the Rapello Treaty the USSR and Germany re-established diplomatic relations. In the Dawes Plan the USA lent money to Germany to avert a terrible economic crisis. In the Locano Treaties Germany accepts its western borders as set out in the Treaty of Versailles. In the Kellogg- Briand Pact 65 nations agreed not to use force to settle disputes. In the Young Plan Germany's reparations are reduced. The Dawes Plan in 1924 was a great success. ...read more.

Middle

The Washington Conference showed that some countries were determined to begin process of weapons reduction. The Geneva Protocol seemed to be strengthening the League. The Dawes Plan and the Young Plan were helping Germany to recover which would increase trade and cooperation. The Locarno Treaties suggested that Germany was at last prepared to accept the terms of the Versailles Treaty. The Kellogg-Briand Pact seemed to be a step towards lasting Peace. Europe in the 1920's was unstable due to the following points: The USA was not a member of the League of Nations The League of Nations had not enough power There were splits amongst the 'big 4' Threat of communism Countless border disputes Europe dependant on US $ Wall Street Crash Decreased self-determination in new states Countries mistrust and failure of disarmament The USA did not want to get involved in international affairs and didn't join the League. The unsteady foundations of the League of Nations meant that it had no power. Britain and France were in charge, but neither country was strong enough after the War to do its job properly. Economic and military sanctions could only work if a powerful nation like USA was applying them, but most countries were rebuilding. ...read more.

Conclusion

From 1925 he began to change Italy into a dictatorship. He got rid of political parties, and became Head of State. Many countries were now becoming Dictatorships. The implications of these failures show that The League of Nations was weak and was unreliable. The League of Nations aim of disarmament was being rejected by countries and countries still did not trust one another and tension still remained. Democracy was also rejected and instead dictators were coming into power. Fascism seemed to be unstoppable and had a serious threat to democracy. Many European Countries had US debts and Europe couldn't afford US goods. Countries such as Germany, Austria and Hungary were completely dependant on US loans but share prices dropped and resulted in a Financial Crash that effected many countries. Business collapsed and thousands of people were ruined in The Wall Street Crash 1929. Therefore my opinion is that there was more instability in Europe than there was Stability. I think this because The League of Nations had failed and its aims were rejected. Splits amongst the big 4 resulted in mistrust. Tension still remained between countries. Many countries were becoming dictatorships. The agreements had problems. The rise of Fascism was unstoppable. Countries relied on US loans but behind the prosperity there wear signs of trouble and resulted in The Wall Street Crash. Europe was in shatters. ...read more.

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