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To what extent were the years c1925-1929 a time of Economic and Political stability for the Weimar Republic?

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Introduction

Inny Atwal To what extent were the years c1925-1929 a time of Economic and Political stability for the Weimar Republic? In Germany the period between 1925 and 1929 was often referred to as the 'golden age' of the Weimar Republic. Germany had recovered after the First World War and was enjoying 'relative stability' under the power of Gustav Stresemann. Internationally, Germany was also improving as immense economical recovery had taken place and there were no attempted putsches. However, it can be argued that the so-called 'golden age' wasn't an appropriate name for this period as there were still many weaknesses, which later brought on problems for the Weimar Republic, such as economic and political instability. Therefore, it was better known as being a period of relative stability. Economically, the mid to late 1920's were years of prosperity and contentment in Germany. It was receiving loans from the United States under the Dawes Plan. This allowed the German industry to develop to meet the increased demand for goods after the introduction of the new currency. ...read more.

Middle

These deficits meant that it was losing a lot of money. Unemployment was not a problem in the early yeas of the Weimar Republic. However, the wage increases won by trades unions meant that employers couldn't afford the labour costs. So, they laid workers off and some employers didn't go along with the wage rise. For that reason, in 1926 unemployment went from 4.9% to 10% of the working population. It had grown by 5% over two years. Consequently, the government was forced to pay more dole money. Political stability was regained in Germany in 1923 under Gustav Stresemann's Chancellorship. Although it only lasted three months he managed to call off passive resistance and stabilise the currency. In his new position as foreign minister he based the foreign policy around the concept of 'fulfilment'. This meant that Germany would 'fulfil' the terms of the treaty. Therefore, improving relationships with Britain and France and making them change their minds about some of the articles of the treaty. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although there were no putsch attempts there was still a great deal of political violence. This was carried out by the Nazi organization, the SA, and the paramilitary force of the KPD in the form of street fighting. To a certain extent the 'golden age' between 1925-1929 was a time of prosperity and stability for the Weimar Republic in the sense that the economy had been restored after the First World War. However, there were still many problems from the war which were yet to be resolved and had not been acknowledged. America could withdraw the loans, which Germany had received at any time therefore, Germany should have been more cautious with the solutions to the problems it faced. The growing hostility between German parties and division between the people was also a threat to the stability of the government. For these reasons the term relative stability would be more suitable although it is still an overstatement for the period of economic and political instability within the Weimar Republic. Its weakness' were later proved when the Wall Street crash hit in 1929. ...read more.

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