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Toward Freedom and Equality

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Introduction

Toward Freedom and Equality Abstract: "All men are created equal, they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." The magnificent words are written in the Declaration of the Independence. However, it is obvious that these rights have not been secured as the black citizens are concerned. Therefore, they initiated the search for freedom and equality. Let's review together this period of history which mixed thorns and roses. Key words:freedom; equality; abolition; the slave system; the civil rights movement Have you seen a book called Roots? If you have read it, you must be impressed by the miserable life of the black slaves which is described vividly in the novel. With the increasing demand for Southern cotton industry, many people from Africa were bought to the New World against their will to work as forced laborers. These African men, women and children were shipped in foul-smelling and crowded conditions to start their long and bitter slavery life. Meanwhile, it also initiated the search for freedom and equality. For a long period of time the black slaves were controlled by several brutal means. ...read more.

Middle

They decided to continue their efforts and appealed their cases to the Supreme Court. After justices' careful consideration, they announced that the separation in public schools was ended. By this time black people had been taking action themselves rather than putting up with unequal treatment. A crucial step in the search was the 1955-56 bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama. A black woman, Mrs. Rosa Parks was arrested because she refused to give up her seat in a bus to a white man. Then Martin Luther King and other leaders organized a city-wide boycott of the local transit company. Before long, they were also thrown into the jail. But, later, the Supreme Court declared that laws requiring segregation on buses were unconstitutional. This spontaneous bus boycott was considered to be the true beginning of the civil rights movement, whose goals was to end segregation laws completely. Moreover, it started the new era in nonviolent resistance to discrimination. During the first half of 1960's, such civil rights organizations as SCLC (the Southern Christian Leadership Conference) founded by Mr. King, CORE (the Congress of Racial Equality) and SNCC ( the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee), organized millions of blacks and whites to participate in demonstrations and use "sit-in" tactics and "freedom rides" and so on. ...read more.

Conclusion

A good example is that, in the 74th Annual Academy Awards, Black people Halle Berry and Denzel Washington won the Best Actress and the Best Actor respectively. Likewise, in some states, the political influence of blacks is unprecedentedly enhanced. They are now a major voting bloc. While many blacks, perhaps as many as a third, have worked into the middle class over the past decades, other blacks have been left in the ghetto. They are living in an environmental of poverty, prejudice, crime, crowding, drug abuse and disease. And it is obvious that the governments have difficulties in coping with these problems. "I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood....I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character." Two score years ago, Dr. King described his nice dream and devoted himself to realizing it. Forty years later, the efforts of both black and white are needed to continue the great cause.. ...read more.

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