• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Toward Freedom and Equality

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Toward Freedom and Equality Abstract: "All men are created equal, they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." The magnificent words are written in the Declaration of the Independence. However, it is obvious that these rights have not been secured as the black citizens are concerned. Therefore, they initiated the search for freedom and equality. Let's review together this period of history which mixed thorns and roses. Key words:freedom; equality; abolition; the slave system; the civil rights movement Have you seen a book called Roots? If you have read it, you must be impressed by the miserable life of the black slaves which is described vividly in the novel. With the increasing demand for Southern cotton industry, many people from Africa were bought to the New World against their will to work as forced laborers. These African men, women and children were shipped in foul-smelling and crowded conditions to start their long and bitter slavery life. Meanwhile, it also initiated the search for freedom and equality. For a long period of time the black slaves were controlled by several brutal means. ...read more.

Middle

They decided to continue their efforts and appealed their cases to the Supreme Court. After justices' careful consideration, they announced that the separation in public schools was ended. By this time black people had been taking action themselves rather than putting up with unequal treatment. A crucial step in the search was the 1955-56 bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama. A black woman, Mrs. Rosa Parks was arrested because she refused to give up her seat in a bus to a white man. Then Martin Luther King and other leaders organized a city-wide boycott of the local transit company. Before long, they were also thrown into the jail. But, later, the Supreme Court declared that laws requiring segregation on buses were unconstitutional. This spontaneous bus boycott was considered to be the true beginning of the civil rights movement, whose goals was to end segregation laws completely. Moreover, it started the new era in nonviolent resistance to discrimination. During the first half of 1960's, such civil rights organizations as SCLC (the Southern Christian Leadership Conference) founded by Mr. King, CORE (the Congress of Racial Equality) and SNCC ( the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee), organized millions of blacks and whites to participate in demonstrations and use "sit-in" tactics and "freedom rides" and so on. ...read more.

Conclusion

A good example is that, in the 74th Annual Academy Awards, Black people Halle Berry and Denzel Washington won the Best Actress and the Best Actor respectively. Likewise, in some states, the political influence of blacks is unprecedentedly enhanced. They are now a major voting bloc. While many blacks, perhaps as many as a third, have worked into the middle class over the past decades, other blacks have been left in the ghetto. They are living in an environmental of poverty, prejudice, crime, crowding, drug abuse and disease. And it is obvious that the governments have difficulties in coping with these problems. "I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood....I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character." Two score years ago, Dr. King described his nice dream and devoted himself to realizing it. Forty years later, the efforts of both black and white are needed to continue the great cause.. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Mahatma Gandhi's effort for freedom

    Since people follow his advice he told them to go in third class wagons (Potpourri). British at that time were asking the Indian people to pay taxes for the salt (Potpourri). He marched 140 miles to the sea although at first he had few people with him by the end there were thousands (Potpourri).

  2. Writing about Diverse Culture

    may say, there is no freedom if black people are killed and their killers allowed to walk away. This is supported by the phrase 'false sense of security as we walk the streets'. 'Institutionalised racism' refers to the police force and their acceptance of racism.

  1. "Religion's are notorious for promoting Racial Segregation". Discuss with reference to one specific historical ...

    - Have to use separate pubic toilets to whites. - Have to attend separate schools to whites. - Must swear on separate bibles to whites. - Must be buried in separate cemeteries to whites. - Were excluded from restaurants and public libraries. - Were excluded from parks and many other public places such as zoo's.

  2. The Nationalist Option And Its Consequences on the Movement Towards Equality.

    Though Washington offered little that was innovative in industrial education, which both northern philanthropic foundations and southern leaders were already promoting, he became its chief black exemplar and spokesman. In his advocacy of Tuskegee Institute and its educational method, Washington revealed the accommodationist philosophy that was to characterize his career in the wider arena of race leadership.

  1. That all men are created equal: That they are endowed by their creator With ...

    The mother was also mistreated. She pleaded at least to see one of her children grow into an adult. How dare a man bruise her because of this and her colour! She was helpless, only a feeble woman. Yet the man took it in his authority to do so.

  2. Case Study on Swazi culture

    The winter after the ceremony the groom's people bring the lobola for her marriage, and after a mock attempt to give it back, her family accepts it and may even promise a second daughter as a junior co-wife. Swazi men may never treat their sons as equals, as there is a conflict of interests between them.

  1. The scope of this investigation is to discover the Rastafari movement mainly by considering ...

    The spotlight of world opinion, focused by the United Nations upon the transgressions of the renegades of human society, has thus far proved an effective safeguard against unchecked aggression and unrestricted violation of human rights. "The United Nations continues to serve as the forum where nations whose interests clash may lay their cases before world opinion.

  2. Explain how this teaching about discipleship might affect the life a Christian today.

    He had prayer sessions with people mostly close friends and a family also when he his giving his speeches and protesting because he believed in God Mk9v28-29 "only prayer can drive this kind of thing out" he believed in the power of praying.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work