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Treatment of Jews 1933 onwards

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Introduction

Holocaust Coursework Assignment Rosy Martin-Ross Spring 2005 Question 1: Describe how Jews were discriminated against in Germany from 1933 to 1939? Discrimination is the carrying out of prejudices by treating the group(s) of people differently, e.g. by race. This is what took place in Germany during Hitler's power, against the Jews. The Jewish community counted for only 1% of the German population, yet 10% of doctors and 16% of lawyers. This highlights them as a very successful minority group in Germany. Hitler came to power in 1933, this was a very important event because Hitler was a violent anti-Semite, which was proven in Mein Kampf; in the next few years between 1933 -1939 a number of discriminatory measures were taken against the Jews. The first part of Jewish life attacked by the Nazi's was their economy. As such a successful minority group the Nazi's were jealous, and Hitler a well-known anti-Semite saw their success and took action. The first attack was the Boycotting campaign. This took place in April 1933 when members of the SA would stand outside Jewish shop shops to prevent anyone from entering. The Star of David and/or the word Jew would be plastered across the windows. One week later lots of Jewish teachers and civil servants were fired. However Goering, the economic minister did not want the Jewish economy completely wiped out because the Germany economy was still quite fragile from the depression and needed the Jewish support before they could get rid of them all together. This then happened after Krystallnacht (9 November 1938) when the Jewish community was destroyed, they had their businesses and economic success taken away from them and were discriminated against because of their success. ...read more.

Middle

The final solution solved the previous problems of slowness and stress. It also solved the problem of the lack of work force due to the war, the young German men were at war, Germany needed a work force... In the camps, the strong and young people were used as forced labour. This policy was to replace the German men at war. There is also evidence of German Industrial Collaboration with the forced labour for example Siemens profited from the labour for their buildings at Ravensbruck. In the forced labour the Jews were treated like objects, the labour was more important than their lives. They were subjected to violence and terrible living conditions, such as no medical aid, hardly anything to eat and being worked to death so that in the end 1/2 million Jews died from forced labour. The other Jews ho were not used in forced labour were killed in gas chambers at the concentration camps. The concentration camps were not designed for people to stay there; they were designed just as a place to kill people on arrival. The first camps were in Poland and were called Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka. To conclude we can say that in 1944-5 the extermination camps had reached their peak, the weak were gassed and the strong forced to labour. All of this was in order to obtain more Jews under Nazi oppression and therefore more space for the Aryan race. In what ways did the Nazi's try to eliminate all Jews in Europe in the years from 1941 onwards? In 1941 most of the Jews in Europe are in the Ghettos. They were there to separate them from the other people. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was one of the improvements made to Auschwitz; another was that the chambers could now hold up to 2000 people. Once the gas was released people started staggering and gasping for air. It took 3-15mins to kill everyone, after about 30mins the doors were opened. Everything was reused, the Nazi's went through everyone and removed gold teeth etc, they cut off hair to make rugs. They searched everywhere for valuables, even in the most intimate of places. It was often difficult to search people because they had been climbing all over each other to get air, so limbs were interlocking. The bodies were then burnt, 3 in an oven. The ovens often broke down from too many corpses; in that case they were burnt in ditches. The people doing forced labour could see the smoke from the burning bodies, often members of their own families. Their belongings were taken to a place called Canada where the Nazi's searched them and then sent them to Germany. To conclude the Jews were marched back into Germany at the end of the holocaust because the Russians, American, British and French were advancing on them, so as to hide the evidence the Jews were taken back into Germany on what was called the death march where even more Jews died. Lots of camps were liberated by the allies, but the Nazi's also tried to destroy all the evidence by knocking all the buildings down and making everything look innocent. On a last note I would like to say how even though throughout this piece of work the victims have been referred to as Jews, it wasn't only Jews who were attacked, there were also Gypsies, homosexuals, black people and Slavs. ...read more.

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