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USA 1919 - 1941 Coursework, Question No.1, Why has America of the 1920s been described as the 'Roaring Twenties?'

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Introduction

USA 1919 - 1941 Coursework, Question No.1, Why has America of the 1920s been described as the 'Roaring Twenties?' This essay will investigate why America in the 1920s has been described as the 'Roaring Twenties.' It will also look into the fact that America, despite its reputation as the 'land of opportunity for all,' was also described as a land of Intolerance. The reason why America stands out in the 1920s as being the 'Roaring Twenties' is partly due to what came before and after it. Before the 1920s was the First World War. During the war America had been gaining profit from global sales of supplies to the countries in the war which would fuel the 1920s. In 1929 there was the 'Great Depression' which devastated America. There had been a crash in the Wall Street stock market due to a global panic when the 1920s had rapidly slowed down its economic progress. This was because there was nothing more which it could greatly progress in to keep the time 'Roaring' as it had done during the 1920s. ...read more.

Middle

This was mainly due to Henry Ford as he had created the legendary model T which was every 1 out of 2 cars sold. His famous assembly line had made it possible to produce more cars at cheaper costs. As a consequence of this, the miles of paved road doubled. It had also boomed other industries such as the glass, steel and rubber industries which the car was made out of. The American population could move around the country much easier, women got out of the house, and it paved the way for mail order and advertising. The newly increased range of goods on offer could move around America with ease. Advertising made people realize they could get these goods easily through mail order from a place hours away from where they lived. This was a huge change. As well as being able to get goods from all round America, the American population could now go shopping in the huge shopping centres which emerged in cities. ...read more.

Conclusion

Everyone wanted to play the Stock market. However even though the 1920s was a huge success for America, there was also the darker side. Amongst the 'Roaring Success' was 'Roaring intolerance.' Immigration, social and economic problems arose. Race, wealth and political view became very important issues in America. There was fear of radicalism and race riots. Unemployment rose due to 4 million soldiers returning to America and having difficultly finding work. Also high production levels and techniques caused workers to be laid off. Prices had doubled between 1914 and 1919 but wages had hardly risen at all causing strikes in 1919. Workers had demanded more money but as unemployment was so high the bosses did not agree which caused those waves of violent strikes. In conclusion the 1920s saw great change for the better due to America modernising and booming economically. This caused the 1920s to be know as the 'Roaring Twenties' full of 'Roaring Success,' but also 'Roaring Intolerance.' ...read more.

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