• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

USA Isolationism - How and Why?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

USA Isolationism ? How and Why? The League of Nations In the Great War American forces played a key part in the campaigns of 1918 and the extra resources they brought helped in the final defeat of Germany. The USA did not enter the war until 1917 and so lost just 100,000 men. Unlike the other powers involved in the war, the USA was strengthened by it. Throughout the war, the countries of Europe had paid the USA to provide them with their war needs ? food and raw materials as well as weapons. The USA had also gained many of the overseas markets of European countries. President Woodrow Wilson had taken the USA into the war. He also played an important role in the peace talks. The Fourteen points drawn up by him in 1918 were the basis for the peace settlement. Wilson saw it as the USA?s duty to help preserve world peace and proposed an international body to do this. So the Treaty of Versailles committed all countries which signed the Treaty to join the ?League of Nations.? However, he was in for a shock when he ...read more.

Middle

He had completely worn himself out trying to persuade people to go with the League of Nations. Furthermore, a majority in congress (80%!) supported membership of the League of Nations, but Wilson did not accept any compromises and eventually lost the vote. Immigration Policy It was inevitable that with a policy of Isolation, America would close its ?open door? that had existed before 1914. Immigrants were being perceived incorrectly and were being labelled with a variety of defamatory and unfair brandings. They were thought by common Americans to be: 1. Dirty and almost all poverty stricken 2. Uneducated and focused on crime and corruption 3. Mostly communists and spies from Eastern Europe 4. Immigrants brought cheap labour and lowered the wages of average Americans 5. Anti-democratic and not particularly loyal 6. And itching for a revolution like what had happened in Russia in October 1917. In this sense they alleged to be bringing with them Communism, anarchy and the destruction of existing democracy in the USA. Such feelings could not have been possible without a heightened sense of nationalism and patriotism. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was a tariff policy designed to protect American industry and output. It placed high taxes on all foreign imports in order to promote the purchase of American goods in America by Americas against any foreign goods. Europeans responded with their own high tariffs on American exports. Separating industry reduced America awareness of others as an economic market. The act gave the president power to raise or lower the rate as was thought necessary. Of the thirty-seven times that the rate was varied, President Harding and President Coolidge raised it 32 times. As a matter of actual practice, most of the Republican presidents of the 1920s predictably ignored recommendations to lower tariff rates, but regularly offered protection to American producers by raising rates when given the opportunity. The impact of the Fordney-McCumber Act was considerable. Rising tariff barriers in the U.S. made it more difficult for European nations to conduct trade and, resultantly, to pay off their war debts. Further, the protective shield against foreign competition enabled the growth of monopolies in many American industries. Predictably, other nations resented the American policy, protested without result, and eventually resorted to raising their own tariff rates against American-made goods, thus creating a significant decline in international trade. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. (Q1) Describe some of the key features of Americn society in the 1920's?

    Also, during the First World War, America's farmers had overproduced crops. During the war, these crops were sold but after the war, the prices of crops became very competitive. Fewer crops were sold during the boom time because there were lots of supply and less demand.

  2. The USA

    Permission for display the National Recovery Administration's logo of a blue eagle was given to those employers that agreed a code. These firms were rewarded by the government to favor the employers when contracts were awarded. Roosevelt also helped the unemployed by setting up the Civilian Conservation Corps; it created

  1. Free essay

    Analyze how the foreign policy of Woodrow Wilson differed from that of his predecessors.

    He also wanted to do what was best for the country, which is a quality that a president must have to succeed. At the beginning of WWI, Wilson had declared neutrality for the United States and urged the public to remain neutral as well.

  2. In 1920 Warren G Harding took over the presidency from Woodrow Wilson, who had ...

    However, he announced later that year simply that he did "not choose to run" for re-election, and he retired to private life in 1929. Herbert Hoover became the 31st president of the United States of America when he defeated Governor Alfred E.

  1. THE USA, 1919 - 1941 ASSIGNMENT 2: ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVE 2 & 3

    till 1942 by around 6 million so by 1942 the number of unemployed people is around 1 million, which is how it was before the depression. A historian can use this graph to see that when Hoover was president the numbers of unemployed were raising rapidly but when Roosevelt took

  2. Revision Notes - the USA in the 1920s and 30s.

    While Scopes was convicted, fundamentalists were mocked by the media, and it was a public image disaster for Creationists * Attitudes towards blacks-Jim Crow laws-After the civil war, 41 states introduced laws to take away black people's freedom, and segregated blacks from whites.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work