• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13

Use Source A and your Knowledge of the Period to Explain why People Supported Roosevelt in the 1932 Election.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Use Source A and your Knowledge of the Period to Explain why People Supported Roosevelt in the 1932 Election. In the election of 1932, despite Hoover's efforts to be re-elected, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected as the new president of America. The 1930's was the era of 'The Great Depression', most Americans suffered greatly from the poverty and unemployment caused by the Wall Street Crash yet how did Herbert Hoover help this situation? Well, he believed the government shouldn't interfere with the people's lives, industries and businesses, he called this 'Laissez Faire' (leave alone). He believed he had struggled up through the ranks without any help so other people should have to do the same, 'rugged individualism' became his favourite saying, people should look after themselves without depending on others. Hoover started as an office boy, became a miner and after many years of hard work he became a millionaire at the age of forty and soon entered politics. So after the Wall Street Crash when America had fallen into the depression, Hoover near enough left the people to deal with it themselves. When he did finally realise something had to be done it was far too late and the Democrat, Roosevelt, had already been elected, maybe he was trying to redeem himself. Before Roosevelt was elected he had to persuade America he could do a better job than Hoover, he 'pledged' to give America a 'new deal'. To tackle the depression, Roosevelt was going to fight in a 'crusade' to 'restore' America. He 'pledged' that his campaign was more than just an election; it was a 'call to arms' for the people to 'help' him to regain the strong and wealthy America they once had. People supported Roosevelt because they hoped he could bring them his pledge of a 'new deal'. They were sick of Hoover 's opinions of 'rugged individualism' and 'laissez faire'. ...read more.

Middle

Why do you think these two people Disagree about the New Deal? Explain your answer. These two sources are very different in opinion. source J written by a self-made business man, S.B. Fuller is strongly against Roosevelt and the New Deal whilst source K written by Francis Perkins, a Labour secretary in the 1930's is in favour of it. Fuller opposes the New Deal because he is a businessman, he barely benefited from the New Deal, he lost profits as he was forced to pay employers a minimum wage, trade unions were set up to protect the workers and there was far more legislation concerning workers and their needs. Although most businessmen didn't reach bankruptcy, many lost huge profits, which greatly affected their businesses. 'The New Deal hurt us' Fuller says, when mentioning 'us' he means all businessmen who struggled through the New Deal under Roosevelt's leadership. Fuller complains that Roosevelt was helping the unfortunate too much; they should fend for themselves to give 'confidence' and 'initiative'. He implies that the poorer people of America should be left to 'get hungry' rather than being given everything on a plate. Businessmen and richer people were also forced to pay higher taxes to pay for the rebuilding of America's economy. This did not please the rich; many believed they shouldn't have to pay for Roosevelt to help the poorer people whilst they hardly benefit. Perkins wrote 'The Roosevelt I Knew' in 1947. Perkins supported Roosevelt and source K strongly illiterates this, she highlights the benefits of the New Deal, 'a better chance in life', 'making life better for ordinary people'. She was a secretary for Labour and it is obvious she agrees with the policies and schemes brought about by Roosevelt and the New Deal. Unlike Fuller, Perkins benefited greatly from the New Deal; it gave her a high-powered job in politics, which is rare for a woman to have but Roosevelt supported and encouraged women in the workplace. ...read more.

Conclusion

Source D shows the ironic contrast between the happy white family with two children and a dog driving a fast car living the 'American way' with a line of poverty stricken black people queuing up for food. Is this fair? The poster in the photograph reads 'world's highest standard of living', people queuing for a meal whilst others are laden with endless luxuries, is this the highest standard of living? Although there were several agencies aiming to help the farmers, for example the Tennessee Valley Authority which intended to help the farmers out of depression giving them loans and better machinery, black farmers were still unfairly treated not receiving any of this help. The white workers on the other hand benefited greatly from the agencies, they provided vast help to raising the unemployment levels and America's wealth. White farmers were saved from the depression and given every possible bit of help to get through the 1930's whilst the Black people were left to be attacked, physically and emotionally until as late as the 1960's when conditions began to improve. So it is understandable why the black and white people of America express different views and in all probability always will. To conclude, there were many disputes over the effects of the New Deal, most of which were a matter of opinion and beliefs but even today people are still discussing it. It must be considered, how reliable and biased are the sources I have mentioned? It would be impossible to find a factual and accurate source, which supported both sides of the story, so just put it into perspective that every opinion is either saying Roosevelt and the New Deal is an improvement or a weakness. Whatever different people believe it cannot be denied that the New Deal did eventually aid America and help her on her way to regain the great power and wealth she once had, but it will never be forgotten what F.D.R left out, he could have done so much more to help the black people, the Chinese and the Native Americans but he didn't. By Lauren Simpson ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Source D shows a report from the Jarrow Public Health Committee, published in 1933. ...

    In 1936 there was an outbreak of Spanish Influenza, we can see from the figures that the national average in 1936 has increased. It may be due to the outbreak of Spanish Influenza which kills children and babies. The Death Rate in Jarrow is the same as in 1931.

  2. Describe the effects of the Wall Street crash on the USA by 1932.

    Around two and a half million young men signed up for the scheme and received the money they raised to help their families survive. The NIRA (National Industrial Recovery Act) also helped to combat unemployment, by setting up the PW A (Public Works Administration), which created millions of jobs through

  1. Why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election

    "Deceit" also had something to do with Hoover�s measures in order to deal with the Depression, as he had somehow fooled the Americans into thinking that the crisis would be over by letting time pass by and fighting it back with words.

  2. Policies to end the Depression: Hoover vs. Roosevelt

    The policies passed in the 100 Days set up numerous agencies, later nicknamed the Alphabet Agencies for their many varied acronyms. While many of the measures passed in the 100 days did not directly help the economy, they galvanised him politically and earned him the affection and respect of the

  1. The crash (causes and consequences of the Wall Street Crash)

    the wind whipped the dust into storms which smothered everything in sight. Some of these storms were known as black blizzards. The top soil was lifted and carried eastwards leaving dunes of grit and sand behind. The soil was dropped on eastern states as far as New York and Washington DC, New England and ships in the Atlantic.

  2. Why did Roosevelt win the 1932 election?

    Families hoping to scrape a meal from the leftovers of more fortunate people crowded the rubbish tips. Farmers were hit particularly hard by the depression, because the 1920's had not been good for them anyway. Most farmers had to leave their homes, as they could not afford to keep them

  1. ‘Why Did Franklin Delano Roosevelt Win the Election of 1932?’

    Roosevelt's background was that he was from a rich family and was well educated and knew what he was talking about, which showed that he was a serious candidate. Roosevelt firstly became senator 1910. Then he had an important post in the government helping to run the American navy.

  2. What are the strengths and weaknesses of source A as an interpretation of the ...

    These statistics could have been a source of propaganda and as we do not know the date of which they were compiled, we cannot possible totally trust it. Likewise, we do not know whether they refer to all workers - including the black, farmer and female population.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work