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Using the sources and your own knowledge, analyse the nature and extent of opposition to the Nazi regime between 1933 and 1939.

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Introduction

Using the sources and your own knowledge, analyse the nature and extent of opposition to the Nazi regime between 1933 and 1939. The Nazi regime was just that, a regime, it was dictated to the people through various means and consequently opposition followed. It was upon this opposition that the success of the party would be determined. However, to determine the opposition themselves could promote a weak or scarce opposition which in turn would benefit them ten fold. The Churches were the only organizations allowed to retain organisational autonomy in Nazi Germany, so it could be said the nature of the Church was not to promote anti-Nazi ideas but instead to allow people the opportunity to practice their religion. The first antagonisms came when the Nazi regime wanted a centralized and unified Protestant Church. They would use their involvement to influence and infiltrate Nazi ideas within the Church. The extent of opposition by the Church was consequently sparked; it came from a dissident group dubbed the 'Confessional Church'. ...read more.

Middle

They wanted Hitler replaced and rejected methods of the Nazis. They did not want Germany to become a second rate power and took it for granted that a post war German government would dominate Central Europe. The extent of this opposition came to head when emissaries were sent to Britain to warn the British government of Hitler's aggressive plans against Czechoslovakia. This was a common form of resistance to try and gain a collectively stronger and more active source of help. A number of foreign office diplomats worked closely with the resistance and they too looked for a diplomatic agreement with Britain for assistance. However, the extent of this was certainly a risk for the conspirators but if people were willing and able then the extent of opposition would have been paramount. This highlights the deceptive power of the Nazi's and the true extent of the conspiratorial opposition; altogether an unfortunate strength of constraints that could never promote an extensive resistance. It could be said that the extent of opposition was deeming itself pointless. ...read more.

Conclusion

Others simply did not like the constraints of the regime and largely opted to enjoy themselves and cause some trouble. This can be seen in the 'Swing Youth' and 'Edelweiss Pirates'. As in source two there were whole areas of behaviour that normally lie below the threshold of police intervention and surely these forms did. However, by this time the concept of Nazism did not fair kindly to any type of resistance let alone largely private ones. Opposition was never strong it just demonstrated the extent people would go to to not conform. There was no real resistance, just disagreement. The range and diversity of opposition to the Nazi regime was very vast. The nature of each type of opposition had one common theme, but the extent in which it was carried out was approached in different ways. Opposition ranged from people just wanting not conform to wanting the death of Hitler; this demonstrates the complexities faced by the Nazis when trying to control this. The German people never were transformed into a coherent totality following without question the Fuhrer's every command. ...read more.

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