• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

USSR in the 1930's.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

7. I agree more with the statement 'There can be no justification for the "terror" in the USSR in the 1930's. It was motivated purely by Stalin's lust for power.' However, I can understand why one could say that terror was essential for the survival of the new communist state or Soviet Union. Stalin used terror to force the USSR to industrialise quickly, which enabled them to ward off the threat from fascism and develop into a world power. Source I, written by Mikhail Gorbachev in 1987 a few years before communism fell in Russia, appears to be relatively balanced. It does not accuse Stalin of using 'terror' methods, however is does not overly praise him either. 'Yes industrialisation... was indispensable..' saying that Stalin needed to industrialise in the 1930's to combat the increasing threat of fascism. However, I believe that although industrialisation was indispensable it could have occurred without the use of "terror." Gorbachev seems to make the point, though, that with the benefit of hindsight, we can be critical of the way Stalin went about the rapid industrialisation but, I think at the time, the threat of fascism, being left behind industrially and preserving the new communist state was a major concern to Stalin. Gorbachev also mentioned that the tactics were contradictory to the principles of socialism, which was a negative. ...read more.

Middle

This means that this Source may be unreliable because Khrushchev would have to be careful because he was addressing a congress that was still filled with Stalin's loyal followers and if he criticises Stalin too harshly than he risks losing his job. This also shows how effective Stalin's "terror" was because there were still loyal followers to him and his methods in the Politburo three years after his death. Source H supports Statement B with comments like 'The nation which Stalin took power might, apart from small groups of educated people and advanced workers, rightly be called a nation of savages' this quote shows that Stalin took control of a nation when it was extremely backward and Stalin had to use methods such as "terror" to make the country move forwards rapidly not only industrially but also in education. 'The nation has, nevertheless, advanced far in most fields of its existence...' This shows that the use of terror did help the USSR quickly industrialise. This source is probably reliable because Deutscher was a member of the Polish Communist Party where he was expelled for anti-Stalinism. This would make one think that he would be harsher on Stalin and in this source he is reasonably moderate and balanced. This source also conforms to my knowledge and, therefore, is likely to be reliable. ...read more.

Conclusion

Source B, is not reliable because it is written by the Communist Party and therefore is likely to be biased. This Source does show us how many members of the party believed in the Stalin approach and how essential they thought terror was for the survival of the USSR. Source C believes statement A because it describes that the victims of the purges were not 'enemies' but honest communists that were worn down by the persecution that they 'charged themselves with all kinds of grave and unlikely crimes'. This source is somewhat reliable because it is Khruschev, the Russian leader in 1971 who has the benefit of hindsight and is more powerful than he was in Source J and probably feels more able to criticise Stalin openly. This view is confirmed by Source D where you see people in court, facing Stalin as the judge, happily confessing to crimes when they know they face death with the executioner in the background. It is hard to justify the horrible terror tactics that Stalin used in the early days of the communist 'revolution' in Russia. As Gorbachev mentions, the end result or industrialisation was critical not only to enable the Russians to ward off the Nazis but to quickly bring the country into the 20th century but the terror tactics were contrary to the socialist principles and the hindsight even the Russian leaders believed they were not necessary. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Why Did Stalin Use Terror and Purges in Such a Comprehensive Way during the ...

    Both necessitated, in Stalin's eyes, the use of force. During the 1930's Stalin's government carried out a number of attempts to remove people from positions of power who were regarded as a threat, as traitors, or incompetent. There were a number of purges of the government in the 1930's.

  2. "Stalin was personally responsible for the Purges in Russia in the 1930s". Agree or ...

    I believe, with the advantage of hindsight, that the methods and outcomes of the political purge were to rebuild the Communist Party in the image of Stalin 'The Great Leader'. This factor can be enhanced with the evidence that between 1936 and 1938, 850,000 (36%)

  1. How did the rule of Stalin affect the Soviet Union?

    Stalin encouraged women to work but wanted their family lives to be traditional. The amount of women workers rose from 3 to 13 million. This increase in workers certainly contributed to the five-year plans success. Most women had traditionally 'female jobs', for example in the textile industry.

  2. These three sources do not all give the same impression of Stalin. Source A ...

    He needs the support of the people and so he needs to portray a good image of himself. After all, he lied his way into parliament and if he was ever to be found out he could get into a lot of trouble.

  1. To what extent were the sufferings of the Soviet people in the 1930's a ...

    These bigger farms would be called collectives. As they were large, there was every reason to use machinery on them. The more food that could be grown the better, as the cities and factories could suitably be fed. Hungry factory workers would not be in a fit enough state to work effectively.

  2. China 1945-90 - source based questions.

    Divorce was made easier to get. It had been all but impossible under the old regime. Polygamy, the sale of women into prostitution and the killing of unwanted female babies were all banned. Punishment for breaking these laws could be severe. During this decade, Mao created a cult of personality in which his image was displayed

  1. How did Stalin transform the economy of the USSR in the 1930s?

    To Move Towards a Socialist Society: * According to Marxist theoreticians, Socialism could only be created in a highly industrialised state where the overwhelming majority of the population were workers. * In 1928, only about twenty per cent of the population in the USSR were workers.

  2. Stalin was able to obtain total power in the USSR by the end of ...

    It was how he made use of Trotsky?s character to benefit himself that revealed his cunning. He knew that Trotsky would never compromise, so he grabbed the chance of putting forward the theory of Socialism in One Country before anyone else from the Politburo could do it.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work