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Villa is the Latin word for farm, and can also mean 'a large country or suburban house', I am going to discuss a few of these.
The first 200 words of this essay...
Villa is the Latin word for farm, and can also mean 'a large country or suburban house'. They ranged from luxurious mansions to small working farms. Some villas, like Woodchester Roman Villa in Gloucestershire compare with eighteenth-century stately homes. They sported lavish mosaic floors, wall paintings, marble statuary, columns and balustrades. But few Romano-British villas were as posh as this. The majority were considerably smaller and included houses, like Sparsholt, farmhouses with outbuildings where owners could only afford one mosaic. A villa wasn't just a building. The term villa includes all outbuildings, for example, baths, shrines and barns. Most villas were used as farms, however it has been suggested that Chedworth Villa had other uses, for example a pilgrimage site. Most villas were located in the south, in the 'low-land zone' of Britain. Most villas were situated with a maximum of a ten mile distance from the nearest town. Because typical villas were farms, they relied on roads and towns to transport and sell their produce at the towns market. In this question I will find out whether Chedworth was a typical Roman Villa, by comparing it to other villas in the area and around Britain.
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