• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Villas were built across the south of Britain during the occupation of the Romans.

Extracts from this document...


Villas were built across the south of Britain during the occupation of the Romans. These were typically used as farms and also housing estates but others were not. In a villa, typically, you would find mosaic floors, hypocausts, a bath suite, a garden, fountains, fortifications, stone walls, glass windows, courtyards, corridors, a kitchen, farm buildings, painted walls and evidence of worshiping gods and goddesses. In this investigation I will be comparing Chedworth villa with other villas in Britain to discover whether or not Chedworth villa is a typical Roman villa. Chedworth is located west of London near the border of Wales, it is approximately six miles away from Cirencester and was built close to the river Coln. You can see from the image-la belled 'villa map' the distribution of Roman villas in Britain. As you can see where Chedworth is located it is amounts a cluster of other villas. The other local villas were also all built near the river Coln as the river would have been their water supply. Other villas found across Britain were also built near a good water supply like rivers or steams because obviously the people who lived at the villas would have needed water to survive and also in aid for them to make trade goods. ...read more.


Generally I would say that the plan of Chedworth is typical because even the villas that are said to have different plans the plans are still similar to Chedworth's an example of this is Great Wycombe's 'H' style plan, the way it has parallel corridors. Chedworth was built in 120AD and then is grew during the late 4th centaury and didn't show evidence of decline until the 5th century. There are other villas which followed a similar pattern like Lullingstone. Lullingstone was also altered and changed over time and it was abandoned during the 5th century. Gadebridge Park also grew during the 4th century villas that were different were villas like Great Wycombe which was built during the mid 3rd century and Woodchester which was built all at once, also Lullingstone was abandoned during the 3rd century. I would sat that the development of Chedworth is typical because it was developed during what was said to be the golden age of villa building across Roman Britain and when it was abandoned was only a few years after most of the other villas in Britain. ...read more.


Chedworth's purpose could have been none of the above but as I said it is based or best guess. Lullingstone was also found to have a Chi Rho symbol which suggests that it also had a religious purpose, one place which was unusual was Gadebridge Park which is said to be used as a commercial spa and it has no religious element. Overall I would say that the purpose is Atypical because the fact that it has more than one of most rooms, I think its tried in with the purpose and I have never come across another villa like this in my studies. Most of the factors argue that Chedworth is a typical Roman villa and the Atypical villas themselves e.g. Gadebridge Park being a commercial spa. The problem with doing this sort of question is the fact that every villa maybe the occupiers lived in a different way to another e.g. one may make money through trade whilst another farms, thus affecting the purpose of the villa. I believe that Chedworth is a typical villa because there is more evidence to prove so than if it is Atypical. Was Chedworth a Typical Roman Villa? 1 Keelan Peters 10DU History ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. The Roman Villa and farming.

    The roofs were usually thatched. With no windows it was very dark inside and the only source of light was a fire in the centre of the room. As there were no windows there was a large hole in the middle of the roof to let the smoke escape.

  2. How far is it possible to say when Wollaton hall was built?

    He apparently did such a good job that even today there are hardly any remains. To make his hall even more visible he built it on a steep hill. This certainly proves that Wollaton hall was built for comfort and luxury and not for protection.

  1. What is the Evidence for the Roman Occupation of the Antonine Wall?

    The other forts, Bearsden, Westerwood, Croy Hill, Rough Castle and Duntocher, where the area is known, are much smaller and could only have held parts of larger units. However some of the evidence is quite confusing. For example, an inscription was found at Rough Castle relating to Cohors VI Nerviorum,

  2. How valuable was all the evidence in helping you understand the purpose of Chedworth?

    This could indicate that the villa was involved in farming. On the other hand, the harness may have been left behind by a visitor on the farm or the horse may have been used for leisure purposes rather than farm related reasons. The source also shows a broken Amphora handle.

  1. From the evidence available, trace the development of the Jewellery Quarter in the ...

    Also, this was only one place, and does not apply to anywhere else in the Jewellery Quarter. Though this is a government source, we cannot assume that it will be completely reliable for that reason. The commissioners may not have been honest, and could have made up the terrible working conditions.

  2. Multicultural Britain

    It is not even possible to know from the photo that the people in it are actually in London or even in Britain. Even though we know that many black immigrants did have to look for rooms on boards and often found that there were very few that accepted black

  1. When was the first fortification built on the site, and why was it chosen ...

    The Saxons took over the castle as a result of the collapse of the Roman Empire. Things were looking bad in the heart of the Roman Empire so Rome drew all its troops to Rome to defend them. Unfortunately, the Roman Empire completely collapsed so the Saxon shore forts were left for anyone.

  2. Did the Roman invasion of Britain happen in Sussex or Richborough in Kent as ...

    It is thought that because they feared this invasion, maybe it was Kent that they planned to invade as knowing that a failure had already taken place there. I know I would be a little reluctant if I was just going to follow the footsteps of failure.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work