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Villas were built across the south of Britain during the occupation of the Romans.

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Introduction

Villas were built across the south of Britain during the occupation of the Romans. These were typically used as farms and also housing estates but others were not. In a villa, typically, you would find mosaic floors, hypocausts, a bath suite, a garden, fountains, fortifications, stone walls, glass windows, courtyards, corridors, a kitchen, farm buildings, painted walls and evidence of worshiping gods and goddesses. In this investigation I will be comparing Chedworth villa with other villas in Britain to discover whether or not Chedworth villa is a typical Roman villa. Chedworth is located west of London near the border of Wales, it is approximately six miles away from Cirencester and was built close to the river Coln. You can see from the image-la belled 'villa map' the distribution of Roman villas in Britain. As you can see where Chedworth is located it is amounts a cluster of other villas. The other local villas were also all built near the river Coln as the river would have been their water supply. Other villas found across Britain were also built near a good water supply like rivers or steams because obviously the people who lived at the villas would have needed water to survive and also in aid for them to make trade goods. ...read more.

Middle

Generally I would say that the plan of Chedworth is typical because even the villas that are said to have different plans the plans are still similar to Chedworth's an example of this is Great Wycombe's 'H' style plan, the way it has parallel corridors. Chedworth was built in 120AD and then is grew during the late 4th centaury and didn't show evidence of decline until the 5th century. There are other villas which followed a similar pattern like Lullingstone. Lullingstone was also altered and changed over time and it was abandoned during the 5th century. Gadebridge Park also grew during the 4th century villas that were different were villas like Great Wycombe which was built during the mid 3rd century and Woodchester which was built all at once, also Lullingstone was abandoned during the 3rd century. I would sat that the development of Chedworth is typical because it was developed during what was said to be the golden age of villa building across Roman Britain and when it was abandoned was only a few years after most of the other villas in Britain. ...read more.

Conclusion

Chedworth's purpose could have been none of the above but as I said it is based or best guess. Lullingstone was also found to have a Chi Rho symbol which suggests that it also had a religious purpose, one place which was unusual was Gadebridge Park which is said to be used as a commercial spa and it has no religious element. Overall I would say that the purpose is Atypical because the fact that it has more than one of most rooms, I think its tried in with the purpose and I have never come across another villa like this in my studies. Most of the factors argue that Chedworth is a typical Roman villa and the Atypical villas themselves e.g. Gadebridge Park being a commercial spa. The problem with doing this sort of question is the fact that every villa maybe the occupiers lived in a different way to another e.g. one may make money through trade whilst another farms, thus affecting the purpose of the villa. I believe that Chedworth is a typical villa because there is more evidence to prove so than if it is Atypical. Was Chedworth a Typical Roman Villa? 1 Keelan Peters 10DU History ...read more.

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