• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

War Communism and the NEP

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐War Communism and the NEP In 1918, Lenin decided to introduce War Communism for two reasons. The first reason was that he wanted to put Communist theories into practice, for example, peasants could no longer sell their surplus of grain and had to give it to the state. The second reason that Lenin introduced War Communism was to help with the Civil war by keeping the towns and the Red army supplied with food and ammunition. In 1921, Lenin decided to introduce the New Economic Policy, or the NEP, for two reasons. ...read more.


Both reasons convinced Lenin that he needed a new economic policy, and in 1921, he decided to set up the IVEP. War Communism, although it managed to help the Bolsheviks win the civil war, was not very successful. Peasants hated the fact that they could not sell their surplus of grain and started growing crops only for their needs. This meant thqt by the end of 1920 and in 1921, their was a huge famine, as the Bolsheviks couldn?t handout enough food , as not enough was grown. ...read more.


War Communism was highly criticized for causing terrible hardships and for being unfair. As the peasants could no longer get anything out of producing, they produced only for their needs and thus, food lacked and in 1921, their were great famines. On the other hand, the IVGP was criticized for being a return to a capitalist economy. The peasants could sell surplus food to earn money, in factories went back in the hands of private owners. All of these are capitalist ideas and are typical in a capitalist economic system. However Lenin did say NGP was temporary , but in 1924? Shortly after instoring NEP, he died, so no one knows how long he had meqnt IVEP to continue. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. How Successful Was Roosevelt’s New Deal?

    Despite these desperate complaints about Franklin D. Roosevelt, he won a landslide victory, winning every state except for Maine and Vermont. Roosevelt had opposition in the Supreme Court as well. In 1937 the President tried to 'fix' the Supreme Court. The nine judges in the Court were mainly old and conservative and in 1935 the Court had

  2. The Fall of Communism in Russia.

    Since staling controlled a bulk of all political power he started a ruthless campaign of removing all opposition to the Communist rule. During this period called the "great Purge" Stalin systematically executed anyone who stood in his path. "Anybody could be denounced for being anti Stalin or counter revolutionaries, even on the evidence of a single comment.

  1. A Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich Communism at its worst

    It was great! This was what a prisoner lived for, this one little moment." (169) That moment allowed the prisoner to have enough energy for a full day's work in freezing cold conditions. If prisoners were still in contact with family from the outside, they were lucky enough to receive packages of food.

  2. Stalin’s Application of Communism

    from 1922 until his death in 1953. This position gave him control over appointments and established a base for his political power. His historical legacy is extremely negative, although his policies transformed the USSR from an agrarian society into an industrialized nation with a powerful military arsenal.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work