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Was Ancient Egypt Scientific or Supernatural in its medical beliefs and practices?

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Introduction

Was Ancient Egypt Scientific or Supernatural in its medical beliefs and practices? Ancient Egypt as a united country was formed in 3500BC and even though this was thousands of years ago the Egyptians had a developed system of treating illness. There are several reasons why it may be considered that Ancient Egyptian medical practices and beliefs are both based on science and the supernatural. In this essay I aim to discuss and assess both the supernatural and scientific beliefs that the Ancient Egyptians held, and also conclude with my personal opinion on Ancient Egyptians rationality with regards to Medicine. The term "Scientific Practice" can be defined as "Any practice based on or characterized by the methods and principles of science." ...read more.

Middle

If these channels were blocked, it was believed that illness was caused. Illness was thought to be caused by bad gases created by food rotting in the bowel entering the channels and blocking them. This is a scientific theory as it's based upon the Egyptian's knowledge of the body making the theory rational and pragmatic. Lastly, Egyptian's used to use fishing nets over their beds at night to prevent mosquito bites and malaria, showing that they had linked disease to bites from insects. This was also based upon factual evidence, making it a scientific theory. Supernatural practices can be defined as "Any practice attributed to some force beyond scientific understanding or the laws of nature." ...read more.

Conclusion

Religious ideology contradicted that of recorded scientific theories and so made them supernatural. Lastly, Ancient Egyptians would wash their hands as a sign of respect to the gods. This was good hygiene and preventative medicine, however was done for a supernatural reason. They had not linked dirty hands with disease and so this Egyptian practice can be viewed as supernatural. To conclude, I believe that although the Ancient Egyptians had some beliefs and practices which were based on scientific theory and logic, the majority were based on supernatural and irrational beliefs. This may be due to Ancient Egypt's strong religious connotations causing them to dismay scientific theories in the name of theology. In comparison to prehistory Ancient Egypt was more rational and scientific. However, In comparison to today's medical beliefs Ancient Egyptian medical practices could be seen as logic defying and irrational. ?? ?? ?? ?? Page 1 Cameron Kigonya ...read more.

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