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Was any one reason more important than the others in Hitler's rise to power?

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Introduction

Was any one reason more important than the others in Hitler's rise to power? There are many reasons why Hitler came to power in 1933. These include the weakness of the Weimar Government, the Treaty of Versailles (1919), the Munich Putsch (1923), the economic depression (1929), Hitler's oratory, personality and leadership, the decision by von Papen and Hindenburg to appoint him as chancellor (1933) and the Enabling Act (1933). The Weimar Government was in power between 1919 and 1923. It followed a system of proportional representation, which produced weak coalition governments, which were unable to provide Germany with a strong, decision-making government. Blackmail was rife in the government as the Chancellor needed the backing of the smaller parties and the Chancellor was often appointed because of his friendship with the President rather than the number of seats he could command in the Reichstag. The government also lacked support from many Germans including the army, the police, the judiciary and the education sectors. Overall the government was unable to make quick decisions, which was crucial in the 1923 depression and the hyperinflation that followed. The weakness of the government also allowed Hindenburg to take power from the Reichstag and rule by Presidential Decree. ...read more.

Middle

This was a major difference between 1923 and 1929. The third consequence of the Putsch is that his nine-month stay in prison allowed him the time to write Mein Kampf, in which he listed his extreme views. While Hitler was in prison, the German government managed to improve the situation left by the Depression of 1923. Stresemann was Chancellor and decided to introduce a new currency, the rentenmark. This brought inflation under control. The French left the Ruhr and unemployment declined. In 1924 the USA agreed to lend Germany money so that it could start to pay reparations again. This was called the Dawes Plan. During this period of time the Nazis had little support. As William Shirer noted, "A wonderful ferment was working in Germany... Most Germans one met struck you as being democratic, liberal, even pacifist. One scarcely heard of Hitler or the Nazis except as jokes". From this low position in 1928, Hitler became Chancellor in 1933. How was he able to do this? The 1929 Depression seems to be the answer. On 24th October 1929 the Wall Street Crash happened. This immediately created serious problems for Germany. The German economic boom had been based on loans from American banks. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, the Depression was harder on Germany as the US loans were stopped and the Germans were caught in a world economic depression, which stopped the income they were receiving from trade. Although the Depression of 1929 cannot be singled out as the most important reason for Hitler's rise to power, he did need it to help his rise as otherwise he would have taken control in 1923. If the Weimar Government had been stronger then Hitler's job would have been made much harder. Therefore I have been able to prove that the weakness of the Weimar Government, the Treaty of Versailles, the Munich Putsch, the economic depression, Hitler's oratory, personality and leadership, the decision by von Papen and Hindenburg and the Enabling Act are all linked and that none of them was more important than the others in Hitler's rise to power. The reasons above can also be linked with other events that happened between 1919 and 1933. I have shown the linkages between the causes in a web of causation, overleaf. As it is a web, if I remove a single link it doesn't flow. For instance, without the Munich Putsch Hitler would not have changed his political direction towards democracy and so Hindenburg would never had appointed him as Chancellor in 1933. It would not have mattered how economically depressed the country was. ...read more.

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