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Was Appeasement the Best Policy to Adopt in the 1930’s?

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Introduction

Was Appeasement the Best Policy to Adopt in the 1930's? Appeasement means, compromise. Some saw appeasement as giving Germany what they wanted. Others saw it as everyone purely trying to keep the peace. In 1938 everyone in Britain was pleased that war had been avoided. Chamberlain was a hero. His policy of appeasement seemed to have saved Europe from another devastating war. But, soon it was clear that the policy had failed, as soon as Hitler made his next aggressive move. Appeasement quickly became a word, which represented cowardice and failure. Chamberlain had tried to satisfy Hitler's demands whilst re-arming Britain in case force had to be used. ...read more.

Middle

Some say that Britain should have defended Czechoslovakia in 1938 and 1939. It would have been a quick war in 1938. Although some people do argue against this, in hindsight we know that Hitler never intended a long war. His preparations indicate that he expected a series of short campaigns rather than a war. German generals were plotting to remove Hitler in 1938 and if Britain and France had faced up to Hitler, the generals might have thought they had more international support and been successful. In 1938 - 1939 Britain bought time to re-arm, the only problem was that this also gave Hitler more time. Britains leaders were desperate to avoid war. ...read more.

Conclusion

Others say that appeasement was sensible because Germany's early demands, including the Sudetneland, were reasonable - they were simply about recovering German land and people lost at Versailles. Meeting these demands might satisfy Hitler. And that Britain was worried that Japan would threaten the Empire in the Far East. Britain was not strong enough to fight Germany and Japan at the same time. Chamberlain thought that, "The best policy is to hope for the best, but be prepared for the worst." His reasoning in appeasing Hitler was that of sacrificing a little instead of a lot through war. In my opinion appeasement was not the best policy to adopt in the 1930's. I also think that appeasement was a large factor in the cause of World War 2 along with Hitler's desire to undo the Treaty of Versailles - as stated in "Mein Kampf." ...read more.

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