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Was Balkan a determining factor leading to the First World War?

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Was Balkan a determining factor leading to the First World War? Introduction 1. Balkan's location a. It was the area where the interests of the European powers aimed at b. Thus, they were actively involved in the Balkan affair and the most important one was the Sarajevo Assassination. This directly led to the First World War but we should also consider the other factors Body A. Balkan's role in leading to WWI: i. Balkan should be responsible for complicating the situation of Europe ii. It accelerated the formation of the two armed-camps 1. It intensified the relationships among the European powers a. Russia and Austria disputed over their conflicting interests over the Balkan, their relation deteriorated significantly in these incidents: b. 1856 Crimean War 1908 Bosnian Crisis 1878 Berlin Conference (Treaty of San Stefano) 1914 July Ultimatum a. After the 1856 Crimean War and the 1878 Berlin Conference, Germany as an honest broker, broke the relation with Russia. ...read more.


ii. It could not give reasons why Japan and the United States participated in the war too (D) C. Nationalism, militarism, imperialism and the alliance system 1. Brief definitions 2. They created conflicts among the European powers because all the first three proposed an expansionist policy (examples) a. For nationalism, believers asserted the control over the other races since they thought themselves as superior people i. The contradictory status between Pan-Slavism and Pan-Germanism ii. Germany wanted to control France and Belgium since most of the subjects living here were German-speaking people iii. While Russia wanted to infiltrate into the Balkans because she claimed to be the protectors of all Slavs within Russia and also the Balkan states b. For imperialism, overseas exploitation and conquests were advocated i. Rivalries were common in British and French colonies that the Foshoda Incident was a typical example ii. And they were both against German influence in Morocco, which then led to the two Moroccan Crises in 1905 and 1911 respectively c. ...read more.


They promised Japan that Shantung province would be given after the war. Thus, Japan launched a war on German colony in Shantung 2. United States a. She previously did not want to be involved in the European affair. The opposition groups were mainly the entrepreneurs and businessmen, since they feared that war would bring them unfavourable effects b. However, when one of the American trading ships were attacked by German submarines in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, US was very angry. Thus, she declared war on Germany 3. Obviously, the reasons of Japan and the United States for taking part in the war were nothing related to the Balkans, thus, Balkan was an insufficient factor explain the causes of the First World War Conclusion: Since Balkan could not fully explain its role in driving the powers to the outbreak of WWI, Balkan was not the determining factor leading to WWI. Instead, it was just one of the important factors only because she intensified the relationships between the powers and created serious hostility that directly became the immediate cause. Eastern Question ...read more.

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