• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was Evacuation a success?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

There are many factors, which contribute to whether or not evacuation was a success. One major factor is the number of lives that were saved due to evacuation. We now know that if evacuation had not taken place, a lot more people would have been killed in the Blitz (only were actually killed). However, we also know that there were cases of abuse ('I had bruises from my neck right down to my ankles on both sides and on my left hip all my clothes were stuck to my hip where it was bleeding' John Abbot) and children being used for slave labor etc because the host families were not checked, and this is obviously a major failure. Evacuation was intended to save lives, nothing else. Nevertheless, there was a lot more to evacuation than intended. For example, the government did not take into account the social impact evacuation would have, or the possibility of long-term trauma for some children. The sources show different experiences and interpretations of evacuation. Source I is an interview in 1940 by the observer between them and a man who is reluctant to let his child be evacuated. He is reluctant to let his son go because he would be sent to the West Country and they had a food shortage there before the war. The observer replies "Only in the large towns and mining centers, surely, not in villages?" and he responds, "Well what if I got killed? Who'd look after him? There are plenty of people here, my family and friends." ...read more.

Middle

Source C in an extract from a novel called Carrie's War written in 1973 by Nina Bowden. This source contains the dialogue between a single women and two evacuated children that she has fostered. Before looking into the meanings of this source I have to show its motive. As it is a novel this source's main purpose is to sell copies and to entertain its readers, at first glace giving the impression that it is not reliable. However, before writing the novel the author, Nina Bowden, should have decided to research the topic of evacuation to make sure that what she was to write would be an accurate depiction of what happened during this time period. In my opinion this means that this source is reliable and even because of the fact that it was written 32 years after evacuation, the research undertaken by the author would still make for a valid book to be produced. The women who has fostered the children in the novel is a "Miss", a single women, meaning that she would have no experience of caring for children and wouldn't be able to understand them as fully as a foster mother who already had children. This shows that many evacuees and foster parents were mismatched and from my own studies this was often the case as rich families fostered children from poor families. This is shown in the source where it is discovered that the evacuees were possibly too poor to have slippers and the foster parent was rich enough to have carpet on the stairs. ...read more.

Conclusion

So in conclusion to source E, I have decided that it was reliable as it was a person's own view on the events and that this source shows no evidence of evacuation being successful. Source E highlights many failings by the government and portrays evacuation as being unsuccessful. In conclusion, having considered all five sources, one in itself being inconclusive (source A), two showing that evacuation was successful (sources C and D) and two showing that it was a failure (sources B and E), I have now concluded that evacuation was a great success. Despite evidence to suggest otherwise, (such as the government not doing enough to convince people of evacuation's importance, disorganization and evacuee/foster parent mismatching) by using my own knowledge my feelings are that evacuation was a success in Britain in World War 2. This is due to reasons that I discovered from my own research, the main one being the fact that even if only a small number of lives were saved it would still make it successful. For those children who were evacuated, it gave them a safe haven away from the bombing; a better quality of life and safe guarded their future. Another reason why evacuation was successful was that it allowed the parents to give their time to the war effort and I'm sure, it was the start of friendships that would last a lifetime as these refugee children from the cities forged relationships with their new found foster parents. As a result, although there is evidence to argue differently, overall I feel that yes, evacuation was a great success! ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Was Evacuation Sucessfull

    There would have been problems with overcrowding in air raid shelters and that could have caused more chaos and hassle for the people working hard to save the current generation and also many children were saved of the scary events which could have stayed with them for life, they were

  2. "Evacuation was a great success" Do you agree? Source based work.

    There is a lot of information about why the evacuation process was unorganised. Source 11 in the blue pamphlet tells us about the terrible and traumatising was in which evacuee's were picked to go with people. There were also a lot of problems with manners, habits and social mismatches.

  1. Why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of ...

    book is only to inform so lots of different attitudes could be shown. Source E is an interview with a parent in May 1940. The interview is an extract from a mass observation survey. The source shows a parent from the Southend disagreeing with the idea of evacuating his seven-year-old son.

  2. Free essay

    why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of ...

    This source is different to source C as source C claims that the areas that children were generally evacuated to were stereotypically richer than those who were evacuated. It is also different to source D, which claims that children are "healthier and happier" when they've been evacuated.

  1. Was Evacuation a success?

    Then again, as well as being useful, Source B does have its limitations. The photograph could have been staged just to show the workers that there children were safe and happy. If this was the case then the Source is still useful in the sense that it shows us to what extent and level the government took propaganda to.

  2. There are a variety of reasons why people had different interpretations of their evacuation ...

    It may have been partly what he remembered his experienced to have been but it may also be a distorted version of reality. Source G is a report that has been produced by the Women's Institute. This source is very different to Source F because the experience is now through the eye of a different person.

  1. Evacuation was a great success - do you agree or disagree.

    Additionally, we are again unaware of the purpose for such an inter view and of the identity of the interviewer. It is a secondary source and maintains the issue of memory intervention through the media and the unrelenting effects of 'father time', i.e.

  2. For this next question I will be exploring weather the quote "evacuation was a ...

    I don't think these are the real emotions that they are feeling but are only doing this because the camera is looking so are smiling for it and waving. Source C I would say is neutral and is neither for nor against evacuation but is just giving some information of what really happened.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work