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Was Hitler a Totalitarian Dictator?

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Introduction

Was Hitler a Totalitarian Dictator? In order for me to begin answering the question whether or not Hitler was a totalitarian dictator I must first identify the significance of the key phrase 'Totalitarian Dictator' exactly what it means and what factors of a totalitarian dictator were employed in Germany. I believe a totalitarian dictator must attempt to control every aspect of life for the people of the nation also dictate as a single party and only one ruler, they should also have full control over aspects such as the media and what gets into papers; on the television and on the radio, the education system and the way the new generation is taught, the states economy and social life. A totalitarian dictator would also show very nationalistic views although the use of military is used to hold order and obedience. The encyclopaedia Britannica gives the definition: "In the broadest sense, totalitarianism is characterized by strong central rule that attempts to control and direct all aspects of individual life through coercion and repression. The state achieves popularity through a strong, charismatic leader." ...read more.

Middle

In 1933 when Hitler became chancellor he persuaded the Reichstag to pass an Enabling Law on 23rd of March. Shortly after Hitler banned any new parties to be formed and created a one party state. The Communist Party and Social Democratic Party were outlawed and over time as other parties saw no purpose for being together they voluntarily disbanded. Trade Unions were abolished and instead the German Labour Front was set up led by Robert Ley. It became illegal for bosses to sack workers or for the worker to leave a job without Govt acquiescence. Strikes and negotiating for a higher wage were also made illegal by Ley. The Roman Catholic and Protestant Church were the two main churches around when Hitler came to power. The SS attacked members of both churches as the Nazi Party viewed them as opposition even though Hitler attempted to contain an authority in both of the churches. In 1933 the Concordat was sighed by both Hitler and the Pope. This was to say that Hitler had promised not to interfere within the German Catholic Church in return for the Catholic Centre Party to disperse and no longer take any active part in politics. ...read more.

Conclusion

Blatant attempt by the party to indoctrinate Germany's youth through emphasising nationalist principles and showing the party in a wholly positive light were resented by many. Hitler had gained control over the education system using new regimes and textbooks littered with propaganda. The one area in which the Nazis were in complete control was the media. Joseph Goebbles was instrumental in the rise of the Nazis and in the manipulation of public opinion whilst they were in power. Media was censored from newspaper articles and radio shows to cinema screen productions, Goebbles organisation of the propaganda was essential in the manipulation of public opinion to be favourable towards the Nazi Party. Rallies held be Goebbles and Hitler were attended by hundreds upon hundreds of people and the SA would parade and it was Hitler's ability as a charismatic leader and Goebbles excellent ability to organisation and distribute propaganda which was an essential factor in the maintenance of Hitler's total control over Germany. All of this information leads us to believe that Hitler had total dictatorship over Germany and he certainly set out to do so, and although they were largely successful, there were elements of Nazi rule that were far from totalitarian due to a lack of unity and purpose within the party. ...read more.

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