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Was Hitler in control of the Anti Semitic Policy between 1933 and 1939?

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Introduction

Was Hitler in control of the Anti Semitic Policy between 1933 and 1939? Many historians believe that Hitler's anti-Semitic policy was out of control and much of what occurred was as a result of chaos within the party rather than planned action. It can be argued however that although many of his policies seemed chaotic on the surface, Hitler was always in control who always had the final say on what happened. Krtistallnacht is a prime example of Hitler seeming to have lost control of his policy. On the night of Krisallnacht, the country spiralled out of control with the persecution of the Jews. It was thought to be the work of the SA, with Himmler claiming to have initiated it. The fact that Hitler also distanced himself from the events suggests that he was not in control of the situation. This however is a bit misleading as at the time Hitler was under pressure from other leading countries to behave and by distancing himself from the events he was merely protecting himself from the wrath of Britain and France. ...read more.

Middle

This does not point to Hitler being out of control of his anti-Semitic policy, he had clear aims which he intended to carry out. The laws may have been vague and caused confusion, but this enabled Jewish rights to be stripped away easier as they were open to interpretation. This was clearly an attempt to speed up the emigration process. The fact that Austria was used as a testing ground for the emigration policy shows control and thought, these do not seem the actions of a man leading his party through chaos. On the surface the persecution of the Jews may have seemed haphazard and improvised, but this was because Hitler had to work within constraints to distance himself from events that were occurring. Hitler had always been preparing for war but the timing of the war was the key thing, he didn't want to run the risk of upsetting the other leading countries and starting a war too early when Germany was not ready. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler appeared at first glance to be at the helm of a chaotic government where sub-ordinates made all the decisions and knee jerk reactions were made and improvised. This is only at first glance as much of that supposed chaos was intended as a way of making his policies more effective and easier to pass. Events such as Kristallnacht and the Jewish business boycott appeared to be spontaneous happenings of which Hitler had little control, but the fact that Hitler called off the boycott, and distanced himself from Kristallnacht showed great control and composure. At times I admit Hitler wasn't in total control of his policies, but this was due to the clever way in which his government was set up and the faith he had in his subordinates such as Himmler and Goerboels. Hitler had his clear aims from the beginning which he adapted to the situations which he found himself in. Some people misinterpret this as indecision and improvisation but the ability to adapt is one of the factors that make humans so successful. If his policies hadn't been altered who knows how it would have turned out. ...read more.

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