• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Was internment the main cause of the events of Bloody Sunday?"

Extracts from this document...


Bethany Roberts 10ew. "Was internment the main cause of the events of Bloody Sunday?" Internment was one of the many causes of Bloody Sunday. Internment is imprisonment of suspects without trial. These men were badly treated, they were denied sleep, subjected to continuous noise and often "hooded" at times when they were not being interrogated. Nearly all of the 1600 internees were Catholic. There were long-term causes and short-term causes of Bloody Sunday. An example of a long-term cause is the bitterness felt by Catholics about their treatment by Protestants. An example of a short-term cause is perceived bias of police and troops or protest marches by Civil Rights Groups. The events of Bloody Sunday were a consequence of a combination of long and short-term causes, all of which made Catholics and Protestants mistrust and hate each other. The long-term causes were events that took place in the 14th Century to the early 20th Century. ...read more.


In order to increase England's security in Ireland, Elizabeth began a policy, which was to have serious long-term consequences for the two countries. She gave loyal Protestants supporters land, which had been confiscated from Catholic Irish rebels. This policy became known as "Plantation" and it was adopted and extended greatly in the reign of King James 1 (1603-25). James was able to "plant" his supporters following "The flight of the earls", when 90 leading Ulster landowners fled after the Earl of Tyrone's rebellion was defeated in 1609. These supporters were a mixture of English and Scottish Protestants, and they were greatly resented by the Catholic population of Ulster. Short-term causes were events that took place in the 1960's-70's, such as Civil Rights, Internment, Activities of Paramilitary groups, Protest/ Celebration marches, Housing/ Voting for Catholics and Troops and Police activities. In 1967 a group of young Catholics got together and set up a Civil Rights Association. ...read more.


Some Catholics show that they wish to become part of one Irish nation by flying the Irish flag and painting murals on gable walls. If there was a long housing list, Protestants would be put at the top in front of Catholics. Catholics and Protestants had to go to different schools and many Catholics had to walk through Protestant areas to get to school. The long-term causes and short-term causes are linked together. The way that Catholics were treated about housing and education led to Civil Rights Association being formed. The Battle of Boyne led to Protest/ Celebration marches which led to an increase in hatred between the Catholics and Protestants. To answer the question "Was internment the main cause of the events of Bloody Sunday?", there could be two views. The discrimination against the Catholics could have caused Bloody Sunday because it led to violence and hatred between the two groups. I think that Internment was not the main cause of Bloody Sunday. Instead it was an addition to all the other long-term and short-term causes of Bloody Sunday. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    Canary Wharf in London killing two civilians and causing millions of pounds in damage. Another in Manchester followed this bomb in June. In July violence erupted at Drumcree near Portadown, as Catholic residents objected to an Orange Order march through their neighbourhood.

  2. bloody sunday assignment 1

    The IRA was the Irish Republican Army- a violent and armed force. In 1918 the Great War came to an end, and immediately after an election was held. A new Irish political party named Sinn Fein (which translates as 'ourselves alone')

  1. bloody sunday assignment 2

    They criticised the new evidence as "rubbish", saying that they are being "accused" of firing indiscriminately and that the full story is not being given. Whereas a forensic scientist who was involved in the Widgery Report and stated that one of those murdered had been handling "guns or explosives", has changed his opinion to the opposite.

  2. Which of these two sources would a historian studying 'Bloody Sunday' find the more ...

    In this indirect way, source D agrees with the impression of the marchers from source C Overall, I think that source D agrees with the impression of the marchers given in source C in many ways. However, if the historian only saw source D, it would be difficult to tell why the marchers were there.

  1. The following events have all helped shape the course of Irish history in the ...

    Most people in Dublin were very shaken and irritated. As the rebels were led away to prison they were spat at and threatened by the crowds. The rebels had caused so much distress and injury that the people in Dublin were just so angry at them for causing the fight that they did not feel any sympathy for them.

  2. Report: Events of Bloody Sunday

    Many Unionists rejected his contacts with the Republic. In 1968 NICRA (Northern Ireland's Civil Rights Association) was set up as Catholics believed that they were being mistreated and discriminated against. They organised a series of marches as a form of peaceful protest against the inequalities of Northern Ireland at the time.

  1. The build up to Bloody Sunday, and why it happened.

    Internment was to continue until 5 December 1975. During that time 1,981 people were locked up. 1,874 were Catholic / Republican while 107 were Protestant/Loyalists. It was the unionist suggestion to introduce internment to try and come up with a solution the security position in Northern Ireland. Over the next few years there was more violence, the violence increased support for the IRA.

  2. Bloody Sunday

    Where troops were sent in, they were greeted by the Catholic community as their protectors. When the Hunt report was published in October 1969, the idea that the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) should be disarmed it was met with disbelief. There were riots in the Protestant Shankill area of Belfast.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work