• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Was internment the main cause of the events of Bloody Sunday?"

Extracts from this document...


Bethany Roberts 10ew. "Was internment the main cause of the events of Bloody Sunday?" Internment was one of the many causes of Bloody Sunday. Internment is imprisonment of suspects without trial. These men were badly treated, they were denied sleep, subjected to continuous noise and often "hooded" at times when they were not being interrogated. Nearly all of the 1600 internees were Catholic. There were long-term causes and short-term causes of Bloody Sunday. An example of a long-term cause is the bitterness felt by Catholics about their treatment by Protestants. An example of a short-term cause is perceived bias of police and troops or protest marches by Civil Rights Groups. The events of Bloody Sunday were a consequence of a combination of long and short-term causes, all of which made Catholics and Protestants mistrust and hate each other. The long-term causes were events that took place in the 14th Century to the early 20th Century. ...read more.


In order to increase England's security in Ireland, Elizabeth began a policy, which was to have serious long-term consequences for the two countries. She gave loyal Protestants supporters land, which had been confiscated from Catholic Irish rebels. This policy became known as "Plantation" and it was adopted and extended greatly in the reign of King James 1 (1603-25). James was able to "plant" his supporters following "The flight of the earls", when 90 leading Ulster landowners fled after the Earl of Tyrone's rebellion was defeated in 1609. These supporters were a mixture of English and Scottish Protestants, and they were greatly resented by the Catholic population of Ulster. Short-term causes were events that took place in the 1960's-70's, such as Civil Rights, Internment, Activities of Paramilitary groups, Protest/ Celebration marches, Housing/ Voting for Catholics and Troops and Police activities. In 1967 a group of young Catholics got together and set up a Civil Rights Association. ...read more.


Some Catholics show that they wish to become part of one Irish nation by flying the Irish flag and painting murals on gable walls. If there was a long housing list, Protestants would be put at the top in front of Catholics. Catholics and Protestants had to go to different schools and many Catholics had to walk through Protestant areas to get to school. The long-term causes and short-term causes are linked together. The way that Catholics were treated about housing and education led to Civil Rights Association being formed. The Battle of Boyne led to Protest/ Celebration marches which led to an increase in hatred between the Catholics and Protestants. To answer the question "Was internment the main cause of the events of Bloody Sunday?", there could be two views. The discrimination against the Catholics could have caused Bloody Sunday because it led to violence and hatred between the two groups. I think that Internment was not the main cause of Bloody Sunday. Instead it was an addition to all the other long-term and short-term causes of Bloody Sunday. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    To begin with, the citizens of Dublin were shocked and outraged at the destruction they had caused. However, the executions of the leaders drew sympathy for them from the public, who were horrified about their treatment.

  2. Northern Ireland - Bloody Sunday.

    They will also have to set up a council of ministers from North and South and attempt to co-operate to resolve the problems. The real IRA does not accept this agreement. In August 1998, they planted a car-bomb in Omagh and twenty-nine people were killed.

  1. The long term causes of Bloody Sunday

    Leaders such as the Reverend Ian Paisley also referred to as the Paisleyites, together with the Ulster Workers Council, which organized a general strike in 1974 then there was the start of the troubles which there was a 'scoop-up' operation in which the British were sent over to Ireland and

  2. Which of these two sources would a historian studying 'Bloody Sunday' find the more ...

    not show this, a large proportion of this money would not go to the workers - one reason why the workers became angry. Source I would be useful because it is factual, statistical and the person writing it would have no reason to lie.

  1. The following events have all helped shape the course of Irish history in the ...

    posts in the councils because they used gerrymandering to get more votes. The British Government didn't take any action on this. Terrence O'Neill was the Prime Minister at this time and he was trying to improve the relationship between the Protestants and the Catholics but it was not working.

  2. The build up to Bloody Sunday, and why it happened.

    remains one of the blackest days in Northern Ireland for the British Army offers a chance to heal the wounds left by the events of the notorious 'Bloody Sunday' in January 1972. Unionists- Ulster Vanguard Movement was established headed by William Craig.

  1. What happened on Bloody Sunday?

    He praised the parachute regiment's response. The Queen later awarded the Major in charge on Bloody Sunday. Lord Widgery's conclusions were met with outrage by the Nationalist population and a campaign for justice ensued. Many political leaders condemned Lord Widgery's findings.

  2. bloody sunday assignment 1

    This meant the closure of the Irish government and current Irish MPs had to go to the parliament in Westminster. This meant that the Irish Mps would be a small minority, therefore would not have enough power to develop a separate policy for Ireland.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work