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"Was life better for the Russian's by 1914 compared to 1900?"

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Introduction

"Was life better for the Russian's by 1914 compared to 1900?" * The Duma: It allowed freedom of speech and other political parties which the people never had before but its debatable whether there was actually any use for it. The first two were dismissed straight away because they disagreed with the Tsar. Although it was the Duma that was responsible for developing the schemes of national insurance for industrial workers which was something that they had needed for a long time. So in that respect they were useful in changing a few things in the people's lives. * Industry had changed a great deal since the 1900's as well. Mainly because there was an industrial revolution! * Industrial developments: Stolypin's main concern was the peasants but he didn't neglect the Russian's industrial development. From 1908 onwards there was a substantial growth in coal, iron and steel industries. In 1914 Russia was still deficient in provision of roads and railways. Although the increase in industry had created more jobs and there were few signs of unrest in the period 1908-1914. Unlike in the 1900's were it would be normal to have riots and strikes among the peasants/proletariats. ...read more.

Middle

80 out of 100 people were peasants and those were the people that were in desperate need of help and some kind of reform in the country. The people wanted a parliament to make new laws and the ability to have free speech and an end to the use of the secret police, of which the Tsar heavily relied on to control outbreaks and riots. Using violence to try and stop them worked in the short term but not in the long run because the people were getting fed up of it and felt that the government didn't really care about them and wanted to get rid of them. In 1905 after a major uprising something called the October Manifesto was written up which gave the people a right to have a Duma. (Parliament) It allowed freedom of speech and other political parties which the people never had before but its debatable whether there was actually any use for it. The first two were dismissed straight away because they disagreed with the Tsar. Although it was the Duma that was responsible for developing the schemes of national insurance for industrial workers which was something that they had needed for a long time. ...read more.

Conclusion

Agriculture was still very poor despite Stolypin's efforts. It would be years before anything would have an effect. Despite all of this the government remained very autocratic and repressive. The government's reputation had never fully recovered after the events on Bloody Sunday. Nicholas failed to realise the need for change and didn't realise how much prestige the monarchy had lost in 1905, also having Rasputin around also discredited him and the Romanov family further. His advisers weren't that great either. Witte was but he was dismissed in 1906 and Stolypin was also a great asset but he was assassinated in 1911. The conditions for the Russian people had improved slightly by 1914 when compared to 1900 but Russia still had problems and was very far behind when compared to the rest of the world. Industry and agriculture had improved but was still backwards. The transport system still had to be improved further, especially the railways because then it would increase the areas that people could go to work in and sell goods. The people had a Duma but the Tsar hadn't actually lost any power because he could dismiss the Duma at any time he liked. He wasn't giving them a Duma to help them but just to stop them from striking and to save his own skin. Rhiannon Lane 29/04/2007 History - Was life better for the Russians in 1914 compared to 1900? ...read more.

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