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Was Nazi Germany a totalitarian state?

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Introduction

Was Nazi Germany a totalitarian state? This question has been argued and debated for centuries and what has bemused many historians is to what extent did Hitler and the Nazi regime dictate Germany. In this essay I will evaluate the question "was Nazi Germany a totalitarian state?" A totalitarian state is when all aspects of life within a country, in this case Germany, are under control of a person or group; this person is often referred to as a dictator. In this essay I will outline the aspects of Germany life and consider to what degree Germany was a dictatorial state at the time of Hitler's and the Nazi regimes climax. The following are the aspects of Germany life, * Women * Young People * Workers * Media/Propaganda During the course of the essay I will decide whether or not Hitler had these certain aspects totally under control. Hitler joined the German army at the outbreak of World War I. He was twice decorated for bravery. When Germany was defeated in 1918, he was distraught. Hitler was convinced that Germany had been "stabbed in the back" by Jews. Turning to politics as a vehicle to promote his beliefs, Hitler joined the small 'German Workers' Party. He quickly became its leader. ...read more.

Middle

Such actions making people think twice before questioning the state. Likewise the police and Gestapo had the authority to remove people from their homes and send them, often without trial, to concentration camps. Once again this acted as a deterrent but it also ensured that the more determined opponent of the state was removed from the public domain. Hitler was Anti-Semitism which was the hatred of Jews and blamed the war on them. He believed that the Jews had the best jobs and also that they controlled Germany. He also blamed the Jews for the unemployment in Germany. He tried to get rid of the Jews so that he doesn't have any problems in taking over Germany. This was done by forcing them in to Ghettos. Once Hitler had total control of Germany he set up aims. He wanted to setup the master race and to make more space for the German people as well as torturing the Jews. Also Hitler wanted to rearmament his army. The Nazi party and Hitler were concerned about how young people were educated because he realised that the best way to keep in control was to change the way people are educated, which would stop any opposition to the party. This meant that when children left school they believed in the Nazi party. ...read more.

Conclusion

The changes that he bought to the church were that he tried to set up a Reich to replace the protestant churches. He ordered that a copy of 'Mein Kampf' and a sword to be placed on the altar, and that only official Nazi speakers to be allowed to preach. The Nazi also set up pagan-style alternative to Christianity called German faith movement. The sale of bibles in Germany was stooped. The church people that spoke out against Hitler were beaten up and put into concentration camps, but there was not much effective opposition in Germany. The sale of bibles was stopped because it taught people to be compassionate and forgive people. The bible did not agree with the Nazi ideas. In Germany people were almost making Hitler God. In essence Germany under Hitler was a very good example of what a totalitarian state is/ was. People did not question decisions, no matter how absurd they appeared to be. It was evident that working against the party, or even being perceived as a potential threat would lead to prison or worse (the Night of the Long Knives for example). Through careful coercion, manipulation and misleading information the authorities could, and did, do as they pleased as the people either knew nothing about actions being taken or were too afraid to speak out about them. Assan Hussain 11LS History 28/04/2007 ...read more.

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