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Was Pohibition bound to fail Question A

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Introduction

Was Prohibition Bound to fail? a) Sources "a" and "b" are extracts from 1970's history books, discussing prohibition in the USA in the 1910-20 period. Both extracts agree on the causes of prohibition but develop different points in detail. Firstly, "a" and "b" both agree that the influence of the Women's Christian Temperance Union (the anti-saloon league) was strongly linked to prohibition. They were a pressure group that intended to make every state in the country "dry" (alcohol-free) by getting the government to introduce prohibition. Source "a" cites the "influence of the anti-saloon league" as a reason for prohibition and "b", concurring with this, states that the cause was aided when the "Women's Christian Temperance Union...joined the crusade". Source 'a' and 'b' agree that the anti-saloon league were actively involved in the prohibition coming into place. ...read more.

Middle

Both sources agree that the preservation of grain is important but source 'b' takes this point further as it tells us the anti-saloon league wanted grain to be banned completely, whereas 'a' only says there was a 'concern'. But essentially both sources are in agreement that the preservation of grain was a factor contributing towards prohibition. Also popularity of prohibition could have created a 'domino effect' in America, as 23 states were already dry in 1917, the neighboring states to the ones already alcohol free, may be influenced. Source 'a' supports this popularity by stating '23 states had already introduced a ban on alcohol' and 'b' simply says 'nation-wide campaign' meaning the whole of America was in support of this. The popularity is agreed by both sources. As feeling towards Germans would be negative due to the war, many Americans would not want to buy a German Beer and be seen as un-American, the majority of beers were German. ...read more.

Conclusion

It states '30,000 speakeasies in New York' Speakeasies were secret bars, selling illegal alcohol. Gangsters were also a problem as the 'bootlegged' (smuggled illegal alcohol across the US border). Gangsters like Dutch Schulz and Al Capone. Source 'b' has explained the causes in more detail, 'a' has only explained crime occurred but not stated any particular crimes. In conclusion, both sources have agreed in many ways for example, both agree the anti-saloon league, Preservation popularity and immorality are causes of prohibition, but 'a' goes further with giving more reasoning and opinion on all factors bar Grain preservation, in which 'b' explains this issue with greater reasoning. Also both sources agree that an effect of prohibition was crime, 'a' states this in a clear, to-the-point way with use of fact, but 'b' gives more factual insight and explains further what crimes were taking place. Both sources agree on prohibition, but 'a' has a better insight. ...read more.

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