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Was Prohibition bound to fail?

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Introduction

History Course Work Was Prohibition bound to fail? 1a Both source's A and B agree with one another. In source A - 'the bad influences of saloons' resulted in a crime boom. The respect for the law was diminished and It changed customers and habits. The 'wartime for preserving grain for food' was an issue that was used in favour of prohibition, it meant that instead of wasting money on alcohol, it should be saved for the war. The 'Anti German' feeling was very strong, this was because 'men was in the arm forces'. I believe this was used in favour of Prohibition. In source B - 'the Women's Christian Temperance Union' is mentioned first. This is also an important group for Prohibition. It also states the 'evils' of alcohol leads to more crime and drink. It was used by groups in favour of Prohibition. When liquor was banned, the public demanded more alcohol. Then speakeasies were introduced which led to gangsters who specialised in violent crime. I believe both sources agree about the results that Prohibition should not have been introduced. The Prohibition movements strength grew after the formation of the Anti Saloon League as it states in source B. In addition, the Woman's Christian Temperance Union soon began to succeed in enacting local Prohibition laws. They both state that Prohibition would lead to increased violent crimes from gangsters. I believe the brewing industry and the Prohibition movement were closely related. ...read more.

Middle

1d I believe that source H is more reliable as evidence about the success of Prohibition. Source G shows that illegal stills increased, but since they are illegal, nobody knows whether this is true because you can't test it against the other sources. The amount of spirits seized went up. I believe this source was written to show activities of the FBI - but I don't believe we can rely on them entirely because illegal activity cannot have reliable statistics. Despite Prohibition it appears that more spirits were made and I know from other sources that more saloons and speakeasies and alcohol consumption went up. The FBI was responsible for making sure people obeyed Prohibition and so when they published their reports, they would show these findings because they would want people to have confidence that they were doing a good job. From my own knowledge I know consumption of beverage alcohol increased dramatically under Prohibition. This could have been because as it was illegal, people did it for a thrill. Consumption grew in the last years of Prohibition as illegal supplies of liquor increased and as a new generation of Americans disregarded the law and rejected the attitude of self sacrifice that was part of the bedrock of the Prohibition movement. Source H was published from 1920-1925. This is the same time as the numbers of the cars on the road increased. ...read more.

Conclusion

It also shows a rise in drinking, from my own knowledge I know this would be true. It doesn't say failure was 'inevitable' but it does imply it failed. Source H on the other hand only shows statistics from the city of Philadelphia. It also only shows statistics involving car crime and drinking, not general statistics on the failure of Prohibition. I know that more crime was likely to take place because the modern T fords were introduced at that time. So consequently there would be more cars on the roads. I believe it doesn't say that Prohibition was a failure, but it does say more drunk related crime. I think this suggests Prohibition was a failure, after all, if there is more 'drunken related crimes' more people might have been drinking illegally? Moreover, in my opinion, it does support the view of sources A, B, E and G that crime increased during Prohibition. But it doesn't actually say on its own that Prohibition was a failure. In final conclusion, I believe all of these sources mainly support the view that Prohibition failed and there was a huge increase of crime. This view also supports my own knowledge. I feel the sources do not suggest that it Prohibition was inevitable, although sources A and B suggest that because the Americans were being denied something they wanted, it was bound to fail and therefore to a certain extent was inevitable. Sources A, B and E suggest that the crime level was so overwhelming that Prohibition could never succeed and therefore again could be described as inevitable. Sarah Warburton ...read more.

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