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Was Rasputin a cause or consequence of Russias Problems?

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Explain how Marxism contributed to the Bolshevik Revolution. Marxism is a political theory that was thought up by Karl Marx (1818 - 1883). He saw two different worlds, the rich and the poor, within this he saw the rich exploiting the poor. He said; 'workers of the world unite, you have nothing to lose but your chains. You have the world to gain.' This means you can't lose anything if you try and this is how he thought it would happen. Russia in 1846 was in a state of feudalism. This meant that the wealth belonged to the rich landowners. Following this was Capitalism, where the middle class started taking power and the country began to industrialise. Socialism followed this, it was the stage where the workers had overthrown the government and split everything equally but there was still a government while ideas were evolved. Finally there was communism which was when the government, money, police and army had all gone and everything was fair. ...read more.


He left them with a lot of problems that, fairly, the public wanted solutions for. The main issue was the war; Russia lost thousands, if not millions, of men in the war and wanted their army home before more were killed as it was a well known fact that, even though there was a higher tax, the soldiers were still very underequipped, sometimes down to one bullet a day. Secondly they wanted food, because the railways were out of order already scare food, due to the famine, was left to rot in the stations. The last main issue was that the peasants wanted their own land, as they had been promised by the landowners. In comes Lenin. Lenin was the founder and leader of the Bolshevik party, who, as I have already said, was greatly influenced by Karl Marx's work but he did not preach true Marxism, though. He modified it, claiming that small changes to Marxism were needed because of the 'lingering Feudal nature of Russia'. ...read more.


This was the revolution, but it was more of a military coup. Lenin took Marx's ideas of a workers revolution but used a smaller group of people. At this time 90% of the peasants still lived in rural areas so not all the workers were involved which was not what Marx envisioned. He also introduced an extra stage as he remained dictator after the revolution even though all the wealth and land had been shared. Overall the revolution was influenced by Marxism but Lenin changed the theory to fit the situation, removing them from the war and spreading the ideas of communism around the country but remaining as a dictator which went against the original ideas of the Marxist theory. The Russian revolution could not have taken place if it was not for the dreadful living conditions, the shortage of food, the failures in WW1, dissatisfaction with Rasputin's influence, the many shortfalls of Nicholas' rule and many other factors. However, the ideas of Lenin and the Bolsheviks are undoubtedly linked to the earlier ideas of Karl Marx, with the four stages being very clear in the way Lenin took the Bolsheviks forward. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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