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Was size the most important reason in making the Russian Empire of Tsar Nicholas II so difficult to rule in the years before the outbreak of the First World War? (1914

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Introduction

History Coursework Was size the most important reason in making the Russian Empire of Tsar Nicholas II so difficult to rule in the years before the outbreak of the First World War? (1914) The Romanov Tsar Nicholas II faced many difficulties when ruling Russia before the First World War. Though the size of the country was a very important reason for this, there were also many others. These included the different Nationalities and social groups inside the country, and also the fact Russia had poor trade and industrial works. Another reason was the weak Tsar himself and his corrupt government. This I believe to be the most important reason. Nevertheless it was not solely his fault as many other factors were involved. In the following paragraphs I hope to prove this. Firstly, I will start with what I believe to be the main reason, and that is that the Tsar was not a strong or powerful leader. He was much more of a family man (see right) but unexpectedly became Tsar at the early age of 26, following the death of his father Alexander of liver disease.. He was neither mentally or physically strong and he lacked the leadership and conference skill. He also lacked authority and never made up his mind. These were not the skills that are needed to running a country as big and as unsuccessful as Russia. ...read more.

Middle

This was the only way to get from side to side so if help was needed in the east it would take a week to arrive in the west. This made it hard fro the Tsars orders to get across the county. Another problem was the many different nationalities living inside the country. Whole the single biggest group was Russians the majority of the population was not. This would mean that the majority of the people would not understand and therefore not listen to the Tsar. So if the Tsar could not understand the majority of his people as they would have not spoke Russian he had no affect in controlling them. Also if the people did not understand him they would not respect him and so might decide to rebel which the control could have not handled. Another reason is that the hierarchy of Russia's socials groups were very separate. At the bottom were the peasants and factory workers who were the farmers and the people that worked in industry. Around 97% of the population of Russia fell into this category. Next up were the capitalists and nobles who were the people who owned the factories. They attended high class parties and were among the wealthiest people in the country. At the top was the Royal family (which included the Tsar) ...read more.

Conclusion

This made the royal family look like a joke and people started to loose respect for them. Finally In 1911 Peter Stolypin, the Prime Minister of Russia was assassinated at a Hotel in Kiev by Dmitri Bogrov who was a member of Socialist Revolutionary Party. He had adopted a "carrot and stick" approach to Russia's problems. The carrot being wining over the peasants while the stick was stopping strikers, protesters and revolutionaries. He had hung over 100 people and so the noose became "Stolypin's necktie". When he died it was a major blow for Russia as Stolypin was a great ally for the country. The leaders that now were being elected in were "no good" and the country was becoming weak. These sent the country "back in time" as old methods of governing were coming back into play. New threat of Revolutions was starting to come up. Overall Russia again was coming unstable. The Tsar would not be able to control the county all by his self and the country would soon turn against him. In conclusion I would say that size was not the most important reason for ruling Russia before the war. There were many other reasons which have been explained. But still I believe that the most important is that the Tsar was not a good leader. I believe that if he was and had the skills of a leader the country would have never turned against him and been so difficult to rule. ...read more.

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