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Was the Civil Rights Movement Successful?

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Was the Civil Rights Movement Successful? 1. A great deal of the effects of the civil rights movement improved race relations and furthered progress towards equality. These include: * An end in segregated education. This was largely due to the effects of the court case in 1954 labelled 'Brown vs. The Board Of Education; and the ensuing episode at Little Rock High School, Arkansas. The court case involved a black, Oliver Brown, suing the city school board for not allowing his 8 year old daughter to attend a nearby whit school and instead making her go to a school much further away. A black lawyer, Thurgood Marshall, presented the case at the Supreme Court and won. This made segregation in education illegal, although some southern states still opposed it. At Little Rock High School, President Eisenhower had to send 10,000 National Guardsmen and 1000 paratroopers to protect 9 black teenagers who faced angry whit mobs and even state troopers. However, the trouble was well worth it and eventually schools became more integrated, and this led to further developments in equality. ...read more.


The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed, which outlawed racial discrimination in employment, restaurants, hotels and amusement areas, as well as government paid locations. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was set up to investigate complaints in the same year. In 1965 The Voting Rights Act was passed, which stopped racial discrimination with the right to vote, and was followed by the Supreme Court declaring inter-racial marriages legal in 1967, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968 which made racial discrimination in housing illegal. This not only affected America, but other countries of the world as well. 2. However, many pieces of evidence showed that equality had not been achieved, and that it would take a long time for people to change their morals : * There were a large number of violent race riots in the mid 1960s in America's major cities. In August 1965, the black ghetto in Watts, Los Angeles, erupted in violence sparked off by white police officers roughly treating some blacks. Thirty four were killed, hundreds injured, and thousands injured. ...read more.


Even in 1992, blacks still filed 49,000 cases of discrimination complaints. 3. I believe that the reasons to take an optimistic view of the black civil rights movement's success outweigh the reasons to take a pessimistic view, not only in quantity but also in their worth. Although, as mentioned above, blacks still face discrimination, their lives have improved, and are improving, tremendously. People are taught more than ever today that there is no difference due to skin colour, and the whole mindset towards blacks has changed both in American and international communities. Although full equality has not yet been reached, the civil rights movement did put fundamental reforms in place. Legal segregation as a system of racial control was dismantled, and blacks were no longer subject to the humiliation of Jim Crow laws. Public institutions were opened to all. Blacks achieved the right to vote and the influence that went with that right in a democracy. But what I believe is the most important of all is the effect of this on other countries' racial systems, particularly South Africa. It was America's successes that led to the end of the policy of apartheid, and that, along with the points above, is indeed a long step towards racial equality. Arka Pal 10E ...read more.

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