• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was the Civil Rights Movement Successful?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Was the Civil Rights Movement Successful? 1. A great deal of the effects of the civil rights movement improved race relations and furthered progress towards equality. These include: * An end in segregated education. This was largely due to the effects of the court case in 1954 labelled 'Brown vs. The Board Of Education; and the ensuing episode at Little Rock High School, Arkansas. The court case involved a black, Oliver Brown, suing the city school board for not allowing his 8 year old daughter to attend a nearby whit school and instead making her go to a school much further away. A black lawyer, Thurgood Marshall, presented the case at the Supreme Court and won. This made segregation in education illegal, although some southern states still opposed it. At Little Rock High School, President Eisenhower had to send 10,000 National Guardsmen and 1000 paratroopers to protect 9 black teenagers who faced angry whit mobs and even state troopers. However, the trouble was well worth it and eventually schools became more integrated, and this led to further developments in equality. ...read more.

Middle

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed, which outlawed racial discrimination in employment, restaurants, hotels and amusement areas, as well as government paid locations. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was set up to investigate complaints in the same year. In 1965 The Voting Rights Act was passed, which stopped racial discrimination with the right to vote, and was followed by the Supreme Court declaring inter-racial marriages legal in 1967, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968 which made racial discrimination in housing illegal. This not only affected America, but other countries of the world as well. 2. However, many pieces of evidence showed that equality had not been achieved, and that it would take a long time for people to change their morals : * There were a large number of violent race riots in the mid 1960s in America's major cities. In August 1965, the black ghetto in Watts, Los Angeles, erupted in violence sparked off by white police officers roughly treating some blacks. Thirty four were killed, hundreds injured, and thousands injured. ...read more.

Conclusion

Even in 1992, blacks still filed 49,000 cases of discrimination complaints. 3. I believe that the reasons to take an optimistic view of the black civil rights movement's success outweigh the reasons to take a pessimistic view, not only in quantity but also in their worth. Although, as mentioned above, blacks still face discrimination, their lives have improved, and are improving, tremendously. People are taught more than ever today that there is no difference due to skin colour, and the whole mindset towards blacks has changed both in American and international communities. Although full equality has not yet been reached, the civil rights movement did put fundamental reforms in place. Legal segregation as a system of racial control was dismantled, and blacks were no longer subject to the humiliation of Jim Crow laws. Public institutions were opened to all. Blacks achieved the right to vote and the influence that went with that right in a democracy. But what I believe is the most important of all is the effect of this on other countries' racial systems, particularly South Africa. It was America's successes that led to the end of the policy of apartheid, and that, along with the points above, is indeed a long step towards racial equality. Arka Pal 10E ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Was the Civil Rights Movement Successful?

    This campaign allied SCLC with labor unions and ultimately resulted in a victory for the workers. After 1969, SCLC had trouble raising money and was forced to cut its staff. Accustomed to following King's lead, the staff often failed to agree about goals and tactics.

  2. "Kennedy was a successful President, he secured peace over Cuba and made great progress ...

    Kennedy gained a lot of support from the black population due to his promises to get rid of segregation in the south and improve the day to day life of black Americans. Civil Rights Segregation was a way of life in the Southern States.

  1. "Religion's are notorious for promoting Racial Segregation". Discuss with reference to one specific historical ...

    This all enhanced the importance of the church minister, the church and Christianity itself, especially in the opposition, not promotion of racial segregation. The most prominent clergyman in the civil rights movement was Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King travelled America making speeches and inspiring people to become involved in the civil rights movements.

  2. The Nationalist Option And Its Consequences on the Movement Towards Equality.

    Though Washington offered little that was innovative in industrial education, which both northern philanthropic foundations and southern leaders were already promoting, he became its chief black exemplar and spokesman. In his advocacy of Tuskegee Institute and its educational method, Washington revealed the accommodationist philosophy that was to characterize his career in the wider arena of race leadership.

  1. South Africa and Apartheid: Have the effects of apartheid disappeared?

    According to the source, 17% of African people have had no education and 13.5% have had St 10 level whereas 0%of white people have had no education and 42% have had St 10 level. I have chosen to compare the percentage of people who have had no education and those

  2. GCSE History Coursework – The American Civil Rights Movement

    Was this all that happened on this day? The answer is more than likely no because the conversation recorded seems only to last a few seconds. Source 8 is another unreliable source. This is because the photo could have been cut down to focus in on Eckland when something relevant could have been happening outside the frame.

  1. Free essay

    Do humans still have their rights?

    King wanted people to understand that all men are equal and whether white or black they are all one. He was attempting to answer the question which was set on the lips of many people, white or black, what identity really meant to them?

  2. The scope of this investigation is to discover the Rastafari movement mainly by considering ...

    Section C: Evaluation of sources The first source selected for the evaluation is Bob Marley's "War" from the Rastaman Vibration album which was released by Island Records in 1976; production is credited to Chris Blackwell & The Wailers. Bob Marley interpolated words from Haile Selassie's first legendary 1963 U.N.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work