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Was The Cuban Missile Crisis A Turning Point In Relationships Between The Superpowers

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Introduction

Verinder Dhillon. Was The Cuban Missile Crisis A Turning Point In Relationships Between The Superpowers? I believe the Cuban missile crisis was a short period of thaw between the two superpowers. In my opinion the most important reason for the thaw was the Cuban missile crisis, this event brought the world very close to nuclear war and that would have resulted in the end of the world. Therefore in 1963 a telephone hotline was set up between the Kremlin (USSR) and The Whitehouse (USA). This was to enable instant communication between the Russian leader and the American President. This was making the superpowers relationships better. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore the superpowers relationship got better when President Nixon of the USA visited the USSR in 1973 this was to mark a period of d�tente between the two superpowers. However the d�tente stopped in 1979 when the USSR invaded Afghanistan to increase communist control. The USSR managed to take control of the cities but not the countryside due to Mujahadeen rebels such as Al- Qaeda and the Taliban to whom the USA supplied weapons to. . In retaliation to this the USA did not send their athletics team to the Moscow Olympics in 1980. This made the relations between the superpowers worse. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Cruise Pershing missiles could be deployed from almost anywhere which was a threat to the USSR and the Star Wars was to be used to shoot down nuclear missiles using laser weapons from space. This made the superpowers relations worse and is evidence to show that the Cuban missile crisis was only a thaw not a turning point. However in 1985 Gorbachev became leader in the USSR and began to compromise over nuclear weapons. This made the superpowers relations better. Moreover the Cold War finally ended with the break of communism in Eastern Europe between 1989 and 1992. The Russians were not willing to fight to uphold it and could meet USA's spending on nuclear weapons. This soon followed with the collapse of communism in Russia itself in the second half of the decade. ...read more.

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