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Was the League of Nations a complete failure?

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Introduction

Was the League of Nations a complete failure? This essay will try to define whether the League of Nations was or wasn't a complete failure. By complete we mean that no successes were achieved and only failures were. The League of Nations was set-up initially with four main aims: * To discourage aggression from any nation * To encourage other countries to co-operate * To encourage nations to disarm * To improve living and working conditions of people in all parts of the world The League of Nations did attempt to achieve all these objectives in different ways, always trying no to use violent methods. Only half of these aims were achieved partly. The main successes and failures concerned all the crises such as the Corfu and Manchurian crisis. Other failures such as the Disarmament Pact will also be described in this essay. Since the Failures were more important than the successes, it is important to begin and describe in detail in a chronological. The first one was back in 1919 when Italian nationalists took over the small port of Fiume in Yugoslavia. ...read more.

Middle

Eventually in May 1937, it ceased to meet. (1) Probably the greatest failure of the League was that the creator itself, The United States of America hadn't joined the League in the beginning. Woodrow Wilson was the man who had the idea to create it after seeing what had happened during WWI. The American population didn't want to suffer more casualties. This was known as Isolationism. The Senate was also scared that if the USA helped the European states financially it could have caused trouble in the American Economy. (2) The League faced two main crisis'; The Manchurian and the Abyssinian. The first one was a complete failure because the League lacked in speed. It took too long to make decisions and also tried to make up excuses. Britain wanted to keep good relations with Japan. After a year, The LONS came to a decision saying that Japan was wrong. Immediately after Japan resigned. Sources suggest that this crisis led to others because it gave a bad example to rulers such as Mussolini and Hitler. This was probably the beginning of the end of the League of Nations. ...read more.

Conclusion

(4) The other important success was the Upper Silesia conflict between citizens of this piece of land located between Poland and Germany. Half of the population wanted to belong to German territory and half to Polish. Riots began and both countries appealed to the League. The League decided that the country should be split in half and that half should go to German and half to Poland. This decision was acclaimed by the population and gave the LONS more admiration. The League also tried to help refugees and people living in poor conditions. A committee was set-up to try and solve these problems. This was almost certainly the most efficient section of the LONS. In conclusion to this essay, all the information provided from the sources suggest that the League wasn't a complete failure and that it was criticised too much. It accomplished some main objectives such as the Upper Silesian crisis and very importantly, the Aaland by achieving two aims in one. Luca Galbiati 05.12.02 Class 10 History (1) http://www.infoplease.com/ (2) http://www.projectgcse.co.uk/ (3) GCSE modern history-Ben Walsh---John Murray Ltd. 1996 (4) www.historylearningsite.co.uk ...read more.

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