Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: History
  • Document length: 735 words

Was The Naval Arms Race The Most Important Cause Of The Outbreak Of WWI?

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Was The Naval Arms Race The Most Important Cause Of The Outbreak Of WWI? Although the Naval Arms Race was an important cause of the outbreak of WWI, it was not the most important cause. The assassination of Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the trigger cause after Serbian Gavrilo Princip and his 'Terrorist Group', The Black Hand, tried and succeeded to Kill The Archduke and his wife at Sarajevo in Bosnia. Tensions around Europe lead eventually to the Naval Arms Race occurring. Rivalry between the countries increased between 1900 and 1914, which therefore caused the two alliances- the Triple Alliance and Triple Entente, to be formed. The Triple Alliance consisted of Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary. The Triple Entente was made up of Britain, Russia and France.

Middle

Germany then declared war on Russia, and according to the Schlieffan Plan (a declaration of war made sometime beforehand by a guy called Schlieffan, funnily enough.) they had to also declare war on France. The Germans went through Belgium to France as they thought (also according to the Schlieffan Plan) that as Belgium was a small country they could just walk in and take over. However according to an agreement that said Britain had to protect Belgium, the Brits had to get involved. Anyway back to the Naval Arms Race. It really began when France and Germany tried to take over the Port Of Agadier. Britain backed up the French and consequently forced the Germans to retreat back home. This really put the wind up the German officer Kaiser Wilhelm.

Conclusion

Germany said they didn't need a bigger navy than Britain, just one big enough to threaten them. Historians today have reason to believe that Germany had been planning to start a war long before WWI actually started in 1914, as the Schlieffan Plan was made a long while beforehand. This meant that the Germans should have had the upper hand, but because they had no idea about the extent of the British army they were dragged down quite considerably. In conclusion, they Alliance system and the rivalries between most of Europe were the most important causes of the outbreak of WWI. The Naval Arms Race, although it was an important cause, was probably not enough on its own to cause the war. Maybe the Germans lost this because the British had the advantage. Britain had 29 potentially Dreadnought-class ships by 1914, compared to Germany's 17. Also, Britain had the more experienced navy and officers.

The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Over 180,000 student essays
  • Every subject and level covered
  • Thousands of essays marked by teachers

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Explain the importance of the war at sea to the final outcome of WWI

    Although they did not announce they would join the war until 1st April 1917, as well as taking their time to mobilise troops, the final year of the war saw vast amounts of USA (and Canadian) military weaponry and soldiers being transported to France.

  2. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    If Japan was fighting with two or more countries, Britain would help. Why did Britain join alliance with Japan? The reason was she found that isolation was no longer splendid when all the major powers in Europe grouped up. She had conflicts with France in colonial rivalry in Africa, conflicts

  1. The main cause for WW1 was naval Rivalry. To what extent do you agree ...

    Franz continued on his journey to the town hall where General Potiorek pleaded with him to leave the city as it was seething with rebellion so the Archduke was persuaded to go the shortest way out of the city. Whilst driving, Gavrello Princip (also member of the black hand)

  2. Was Field Marshall Douglas Haig more important that the allied blockade of German naval ...

    Varying success met the renewed attacks towards the railway. With less ground to cross in the North, guards units and 3rd division infantry gained their objectives by 11:30am; but to the South, 63rd and 5th divisions became involved in much exhausting fighting and failed to make headway, though on the

  1. "Tension between the countries of Europe increased in year before 1914 due to the ...

    To sort out the problem, Bismarck invited all of the Great Powers to a conference in Berlin, as he was very keen for war to be avoided. The Treaty of Berlin dismantled the big Bulgaria, and the main powers had worked together to avoid war.

  2. The Main Reason for the Cause of WWI

    This led to military races; for example, the naval race in 1900 between Britain and Germany began with the revolutionary British battleship, HMS Dreadnought. Since then, Germany tried to match their strength with her own, and so the cycle went on.

  1. Explain the importance of the war in the air to the final outcome of ...

    Later on, the Germans realised the potential of Zeppelins as ruthless bombers, in contrast with British airships. In 1915, the first raids on British towns began at night. They did not cause real damage, as the Zeppelin could not carry enough bombs to produce decisive damaging effects, but psychological damage was achieved.

  2. As demonstrated by these five historians, the theories on the primary cause of WWI ...

    Archduke Franz Ferdinand's tour of Serbia proved the perfect opportunity, and with the Serbian governments knowledge, they arranged for the Archduke's assassination. As predicted, Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria took action against Serbia, sending an ultimatum intended to provoke a local conflict.

  • Over 180,000 essays
    written by students
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to write
    your own great essays

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.