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Was the New Deal a Success?

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Introduction

GCSE History Coursework: Was the New Deal a Success? 1. In the 1932 election, Franco Delano Roosevelt was supported for many reasons, but one of the main ones was because people simply wanted a change from Hoover. His views on rugged individualism and his belief that 'prosperity was just around the corner' lead people to demand a new president. He didn't (for a long time) gave relief to the victims of the depression, with 'In Hoover we trusted, and now we are busted' being a popular slogan. With wages dropping and prices rising, many people and were forced to live in dirty shantytowns, fittingly called 'Hoovervilles.' When Hoover did eventually start doing something about the depression, it was TOO LITTLE TOO LATE, and impossible to win back the support of the American Public. Source A is a speech made by Roosevelt during his election campaign. He is making a promise to the American people, and saying that he would "Give action and action NOW!" People voted for him because of his eloquent style and the promise of a new deal. He describes the depression as "a War," and says that it is "a call to arms." In short Roosevelt seems to care about the little man, while Hoover was uninterested in people's problems. FDR won the election because of public dislike for Hoover, people's want for change and relief, and his friendly and neighbourly manner. 2. Sources B and C have very different views on the New Deal. Source B says the New Deal has restored self-confidence to the American People, and that it has given hope to a nation threatened by depression. ...read more.

Middle

Unlike Fuller (Taxes, Trade Unions) she does not have any particular reason for disliking the New Deal. Being the Secretary of Labour she knows the horrors of poverty better than most people, and there fore is better placed to act. 7. It is hard to come to a firm conclusion about which interpretation is best supported by the sources in the New Deal. This is because almost all of the sources are biased in some way, and so slightly unreliable. The first statement is very heavily praising of Roosevelt and the New Deal, saying that it has given hope back to the American man. It is supported by several of the sources. Source B supports it heavily. It states that it has given "excitement and hope" to those struck by the depression which is in direct corroboration of the statement. It says the New Deal has meant the "Physical Rebuilding" of the country, and that pensions and the banning of child labour are great achievements of the New Deal. My knowledge of the period backs this up, with the facts like Roosevelt helped unemployment a lot, and also was supported much more than he was disliked. Source F also corroborates the first statement. Roosevelt is shown getting rid of all the worthless policies that Hoover promised like "Chicken in every pot," and "Rugged individualism." Roosevelt is shown with his sleeves rolled up, signifying that he was willing to work hard, while Hoover is uninterested and has turned his back on the problems of America, thus again giving a positive image of him. Source H is also heavily praising of Roosevelt. It is however, propaganda, a letter picked out specially to convey a very positive image of the New Deal. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is propaganda and has obviously been picked out especially for the purpose of portraying Roosevelt as 'caring about the little man. This is a perfect of the message I gave at the start of the question about biased sources. However not all the sources are in favour of Roosevelt. Source C especially condemns Roosevelt's actions. It states "one in every four people depends on employment from the government." As this is a fact, it is most probably true, and my knowledge of the period backs this up as there were a great many jobs given the people by Roosevelt that many people thought were pointless. Such jobs were called boondoggles, and were considered a waste of the taxpayer's money. The source also states another true fact, that "the national debt is $250 billion," compared with $9 billion before Roosevelt. However these two facts are really the only things in the source that can truly be trusted, and most of the remaining source can be seen to be biased in some way. It says that inflation has reduced the lower paid to poverty, and the taxes were rising. It also makes the point about the cities being filled with jobless workers. However this is not entirely true, as it is known that though it was the War which really cured unemployment in America, Roosevelt did quite a good job in finding work for many people, even if it was only the useless 'boondoggles.' Another source that is not in favour of Roosevelt is source E. It portrays him as a fool who is wasting the nation's tax money on a broken (lost) cause. The tax payer is depicted as a small weak man who is having to shoulder the weight of Roosevelt's New Deal. GCSE History Coursework Page 1 James Down 5M ...read more.

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