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Was the New Deal a Success ?

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Introduction

Was the New Deal A Success ? 1) People supported Roosevelt in the 1932 elections because during his election campaign (source A) he told America what they wanted to hear. America was suffering from terrible economic depression and President Hoover was doing little to help the poor and unemployed because he believed that people should help themselves rather than rely on the government. As he came from a poor background and worked his way up to presidency Hoover thought that anyone could do what he did. Roosevelt promised the American people that together they would restore America. He told them that he needed their help not to win votes but to win this battle of depression. "Give me your help, not to win votes alone, but to win this crusade and restore America." Roosevelt told the public that he would carry on fighting against the problems and depression in America. "I am waging war against Destruction, Delay, Deceit and Despair" Roosevelt seemed confident that the New Deal would be a success but he needed the publics support. I believe that the public also supported Roosevelt because they had nothing to loose the New Deal was a new approach in solving this nightmare. 2) After studying both sources B and C on the New Deal it is clear that source B has a more positive judgement on the New deal and source C has a more negative judgement. Source B starts the extract by saying that the New Deal restored America's self- confidence and gave the people hope. But source C starts of the extract by saying that people depended on employment and the national debt had rise from $19 billion to $250 billion. It also says that inflation has doubled and reduced the lower paid to poverty. But source B says that Roosevelt had introduced unemployment assistance as well as old-age pensions and banned child labour. ...read more.

Middle

She believed that the New deal helped make life better for ordinary people. "The New Deal meant that ordinary people would have a better chance in life". She was biased towards the New deal as she worked for Roosevelt. Fuller seems to have the same ideas as Hoover because they have succeeded without any help. He could be bitter towards the New deal because he had to pay higher taxes as he was wealthy but Perkins was paid for working for Roosevelt. This probably influenced their views on the New deal. 7) The interpretations are conflicting opinions about the effects of the new deal. The first interpretation strongly supports the new deal and the second interpretation strongly opposes the new deal. The first statement is supported by Source A; it is a speech from Roosevelt in 1932 "With confidence we accept the promise of the new deal". This shows that before Roosevelt was elected he was assuring people that the new deal would bring back confidence lost in the depression as well as solving their economic problems. Source B is from the judgement of an American historian writing in 1945. It says "First comes the restoration of self-confidence . Those who lived through the spring of 1933 will remember the change from depression and discouragement to excitement and hope". This supports the first interpretation because the writer in the source explains that the New deal lifted people out of the depression as the New Deal was a new and exciting approach at solving America's economic problems. Source B and the first interpretation both explain that the new deal gave back confidence. Source F supports the first interpretation because the cartoonist and the writer both support the New deal. Source F is showing Roosevelt working hard by throwing out Hoover's policies. Source H supports the first statement because it is a letter from an old man to the president thanking him for letting the bank give him and his wife a loan and getting their furniture back. ...read more.

Conclusion

He is against the New deal because nothing is being achieved and Roosevelt is using his money carelessly. Source F is biased towards the new deal because the cartoonist could have been in terrible depression whilst Hoover was in power and the cartoonist believes that Hoover did nothing to help him and his polices were rubbish. Source G is against the New deal because the cartoonist believes that the alphabetical agencies were not working and Roosevelt had too much control over congress. Source H is biased towards Roosevelt because the New deal helped the man get a loan and get back his furniture. It's obvious that the man would then praise Roosevelt and support the New Deal "I have never heard of a president like you". Source I is supporting Roosevelt and is a popular song from 1936 "We will not be neglected". Only the people who benefited from the new deal like the people who got new jobs from the government would sing this song it is therefore biased towards the New Deal. Source K is biased towards the new deal because the writer was secretary of labour in Roosevelt's new deal government. The government paid her and therefore benefited from he new deal. Different people had different views on the New Deal and its effects. Those who benefited from the New Deal tended to support Roosevelt because he helped them therefore they supported the New Deal. This government cared for ordinary men and women and the New Deal was a positive response to the needs of ordinary people. Those who opposed The New Deal were usually wealthy. They thought that welfare payments encouraged laziness and that individuals should be responsible for finding their own employment rather that relying on the government. The new deal gave to the poor and helped the needy. Some people were republicans and some were democrats. There bound to be disagreements in the USA over the effects of new deal. Everyone including historians will always have there own opinions on the new deal. ...read more.

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