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Was the Reichstag fire the main reason why Hitler was able to establish a dictatorship in Germany by 1934?

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Introduction

Was the Reichstag fire the main reason why Hitler was able to establish a dictatorship in Germany be 1934? ________________ Hitler was appointed Chancellor on 30th January 1933. He was part of a democracy and had to work with President Hindenburg, who still had the majority of the power; Hindenburg had the power to change the Chancellor. In just 18 months Hitler managed to go from Chancellor to Furhrer. He managed this by creating several factors, which would help in his favour to win votes and popularity. He had by this time removed any potential threats to his position, even from within the Nazi party. One factor which helped Hitler come to power was the Reichstag fire, it meant that the Law for the Protection of People and State could be passed. ...read more.

Middle

The Enabling Act, passed in 1933 changed the constitution; it gave Hitler power to rule by decree for four years. It only passed through the Reichstag because the Communists had been banned from their seats and the fact that the SA intimidated members of the Reichstag during the vote. Hitler knew that The Enabling Act would be extremely important when Hindenburg died and it would allow him to get rid of other political parties and trade unions which could affect his establishment of a dictatorship. Also in 1933, Hitler banned political parties and trade unions to help him seize power. He banned all political parties besides the NSDAP, this meant he had established a one party state and therefore there would be no one to oppose him the Reichstag. Trade unions are non-political organisations that hold power through their workers. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Reichstag fire triggered an immediate reaction and was a significant event which allowed Hitler to begin to gain more power. Other events, such as the Enabling Act, allowed Hitler to gain more power within Germany as he could now pass any law he wanted. The Night of Long the Knives was also an important factor because in order to be completely successful Hitler needed the army?s support. I don?t think the banning of political parties and trade unions was the most important factor, even though it stopped any strikes from taking place, I think Hitler would have still have formed a dictatorship without passing the law because he had already made a big impression on Germany. However, all the factors worked and linked together and this helped lead to the next step establishing a dictatorship. Each time something was achieved Hitler gained more and more power; this eventually resulted in Hitler running Germany as a dictator. ...read more.

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