• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15
  16. 16
  17. 17
  18. 18
  19. 19
  20. 20
  21. 21
  22. 22
  23. 23
  24. 24
  25. 25
  26. 26
  27. 27
  28. 28
  29. 29
  30. 30

"Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

Extracts from this document...


Maryam Ahmad "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?" The treaty of Versailles was a treaty, which was signed at the end of World war one. Germany had lost the war, and therefore the allies, who had won the war, decided to hold a conference in a Paris, this conference was called the Paris Peace Conference and it was to decide what they should do now having won the war. The Countries represented in the Conference were France by their Prime minister Georges Clemenceau, England by their prime minister David Lloyd George and America by their president Woodrow Wilson. The prime minister of Italy Vittro Orlando was not present at the place where the treaty discussed, even though Italy was part of the winning side. The reason why Italy was left out was that before the war Italy had been part of the triple alliance, when the war broke out Italy decided to withdraw from the triple alliance and therefore she joined the allies, for this reason Italy was not thought trusty worthy. Germany was not invited to this meeting. This is thought to be because England and France wanted to blame the war on Germany and this would be harder to do if Germany was there to defend themselves. America's president Woodrow Wilson was very reluctant in blaming the war on Germany, he did not think that anyone should be blamed; he wanted peace and no more wars. Woodrow Wilson did not really get much say in the treaty this was because America did not join the war until the very end and the Americans therefore did not suffer as much as France and Britain, this was because nearly all of the fighting took place in Europe, the French and British land was damaged the most and both France and British soldiers suffered more. At this conference the allies decided on a treaty, the treaty was later signed at the palace of Versailles on the 28th of June 1919. ...read more.


During mid-1918, Europe was hit by Spanish flu and an estimated 25 million people died. This added to the feeling of bitterness that ran through Europe and this anger was primarily directed at Germany. The attitude towards Germany of the "Big Three" The treaty was signed on June 28th 1919 after months of argument and negotiation amongst the so-called "Big Three" as to what the treaty should contain. Who were the "Big Three" and where did they clash over Germany and her treatment after the war ? The "Big Three" were David Lloyd George of Britain, Clemenceau of France and Woodrow Wilson of America. David Lloyd George of Great Britain had two views on how Germany should be treated. His public image was simple. He was a politician and politicians needed the support of the public to succeed in elections. If he had come across as being soft on Germany, he would have been speedily voted out of office. The British public was after revenge and Lloyd George's public image reflected this mood. "Hang the Kaiser" and "Make Germany Pay" were two very common calls in the era immediately after the end of the war and Lloyd George, looking for public support, echoed these views. However, in private Lloyd George was also very concerned with the rise of communism in Russia and he feared that it might spread to western Europe. After the war had finished, Lloyd George believed that the spread of communism posed a far greater threat to the world than a defeated Germany. Privately, he felt that Germany should be treated in such a way that left her as a barrier to resist the expected spread of communism. He did not want the people of Germany to become so disillusioned with their government that they turned to communism. Lloyd George did not want Germany treated with lenience but he knew that Germany would be the only country in central Europe that could stop the spread of communism if it burst over the frontiers of Russia. ...read more.


This did not help Germany financially. There was no taxes from other countries so Germany were worse off. The German would feel particularly humiliated and angry through this point as they felt that they alone were not responsible for all the costs of the war effort. Also they would be under constant humiliation as they would always feel as they owe something. They also would not have a chance for their economy to grow as they couldn�t invest. This would dent their pride as they would not be known as a powerful country. The final area in which Germany were punished did not harm them financially, territorially or militarily. This factor is that Germany had to accept all responsibility for starting the war. This is known as war guilt. Everybody knows that it was not Germany alone who started the war but Germany had to accept. This would again dent Germany�s pride as they would be known as the people who started the war. This essay has given many points on why the Germans were so angry about the treaty of Versailles. You can understand why the Germans were so upset by the treaty of Versailles. This essay has felt that one of the most important aspects were the people�s expectations. If the people did not expect the Germans to win then they wouldn�t be so surprised. Also they shouldn�t have expected the fourteen point plan. This essay feels that the most important point was the fact about a dictated peace. This gave them the feel of being under control. Even Wilson thought this was important as he said ' It must be a peace without victory....only a peace between equals can last. Only a peace the very principle of which is equality and common participation in a common benefit '. ( Speech to senate, 22nd Jan. 1917 ) . Overall Germany lost 13% of its land , 6 million people, 16 % of its coal industry, 15 % of its agricultural industry 48% of its iron production. Reparations were set at � 6.600 million. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent was the Treaty of Versailles fair to Germany?

    5 star(s)

    Furthermore, restricting Germany's army and weapons meant that there would be no threat to the British Empire, security or international trade, and it prevented the break out of another large, destructive war. The war guilt and reparation clauses also had a great impact on Germany.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Why did the Germans hate the treaty of Versailles?

    5 star(s)

    which it tipped Germany into chaos because the German economy was already in tatters, people had very little food. They feared that the reparations payments would cripple them. Territory lost included much of Germany's industrial base was a major blow to German pride.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Were the peace treaties of 1919 - 1923 fair?

    4 star(s)

    The army was also limited to just 100,000 men. These restrictions were a good idea; they will have vastly reduced the chance of German aggression against their neighbours. Germany was ordered to leave Belgium, this was just - Belgium was aggressively invaded by Germany and was unfairly treated by Germany.

  2. To what extent was Hitler to blame for WW2?

    Hitler's new confidence that he would not be challenged if he invaded Poland had been increased by the German air force's performance in the Spanish Civil War in 1937, in which he proved to the world that Germany had a powerful military.

  1. The Rise of Nation States in Europe

    * Britain and France--- supported liberalism and nationalism, supported independent revolution. * B. The spread of nationalism * After the independence of Belgium, it set a good example (encouraged) to other subject people e.g. German states, Italian states and Poland.

  2. To what extent was The Treaty of Versailles fair, and what were the consequences ...

    stated in the Treaty of Versailles. The article solely blamed Germany for the war. This is what it said : "The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected

  1. Was Hitler the cause of WW2? A.J.P Taylor wrote the controversial The origins ...

    The British fought back and eventually, the USA. got involved, providing quite a bit of manufacturing capacity. Hitler was ignored for a while after he started to take over Europe, allowing him to build his strength. The USA did not want to get involved because after all, it wasn't "our war".

  2. To what extent can Germany be blamed for causing World War One?

    Germany had been preparing for this for years, and so followed the Schlieffen plan. They invaded Belgium, which brought Britain into the war, and they then invaded France. This was supposed to aid Austria, and Austria declared war only on Serbia.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work