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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: History
  • Essay length: 1962 words

Was the Treaty of Versailles unfair to Germany?

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Natalie Barnicott 10 A Was the Treaty of Versailles unfair to Germany? I personal think that the Treaty of Versailles was unfair to Germany in a variety of different ranges these include, the War Guilt Clause, Reparations, Disarmament, Territory losses and the fact that they had no say in the peace settlement. Germany were treated like children in the Treaty of Versailles they had no say to what the settlement was, they were just told to sign it (this was known as the dictated peace or in German Diktat). The Germans were not given the chance to decide their own future. This was against Woodrow Wilson idea that every country should have the right of Self Determination. The Germans were very upset about this because it was only the Winning sides that had the right of Self Determination. If the Germans had more rights and could put ideas forward then, then maybe there would not have been as many problems later. I think this is very unfair to Germany because the winning sides were making Self Determination a big thing for the other winning sides but when it came to the losing sides this was not applied Germany should have been allowed the same rights as the winning sides but there choices should have just been monitored by the winning sides. One of the main things that Germany was angry about in the peace settlement was the fact that they had to sign the War Guilt Clause saying that they agreed that they were totally to blame for the start of the war, which justified the losing countries putting great amounts of reparations on Germany and it's allies.

Middle

With this small amount of navy the Germans would also not be able to defend themselves against a blockage. I think that this settlement would be a lot fairer if the German services had of been allowed a few more ships and some more men in their army and it was an universal disarmament, but if you think of it in the Russian point of view it would be fair because the Germans made the Russians lose some of their army when they made an agreement with them. The Germans also lost great amounts of land in the settlement in both the east and the west the one that angered them the most was in the east, it was here were they lost land to Poland, the League of Nations, Denmark and a few more. The majority of the land was given to the new country Poland. The land given was the land that was in between Germany and East Prussia this meant that Germany was split into two, this made communication between these two virtually impossible. Poland was also given West Prussia and Posen which would form the Polish Corridor, this would mean that Poland would not be land locked and it would have access to the sea. But Poland still would not have a port to trade form, there was and easy solution to this give Poland the Port of Danzig, but the problem with this is that this port is totally German which would mean if it was given to Poland it would be totally against Self Determination so they decided to put it under the League of Nations.

Conclusion

To make it even harder to pay they had their main source of money their industries taken away from them. I also think that it was unfair on Germany that they had to lose all their arms yet the rest of the world was allowed to have and strengthen their weapons. I think that this was unfair on Germany because it would have made more sense in the long run that everyone gave in their weapons then there would be no way that there could be a war again, whereas if it is just Germany that are given in Weapons then other countries can gang up on Germany and it has nothing to defend it's self with. I also believe that it is unfair that Germany had to sign the War Guilt Clause because they were not the only country that were to blame for the war beginning so they should not have to take all the blame for it at the end. Perhaps if the Germans did not get the blame for it then, then it might have stopped trouble in the future. There some parts in the Treaty that were fair like how some of the land was given away. Generally though I believe that the Treaty of Versailles was totally unfair on Germany and I think that perhaps if they had of come up with a more fairer Treaty then the problems that arose in the future due to this Treaty would have been prevented. Natalie Barnicott 10 A

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