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Was The Weimar Republic Doomed From The Start?

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James Rowson October 2003 10YP Was The Weimar Republic Doomed From The Start? There is no one answer to a question such as this, only individual's opinions. In this essay I will explore both sides of the argument and come up with my own fact-based conclusion. Those people who claim that the Weimar Republic was "doomed" will say that this is clear from the day the Great War came to an end, November 11th 1918. When the Armistice was signed the German public were in complete shock and bitter outrage, immediately branding the Government the "November Criminals". Therefore, putting the Democrats in an awkward situation for whatever good they did whilst in Office the remembrance of the surrender would remain vivid in the public's mind, always giving them a disadvantage, as they were always disliked slightly even when performing at their best. So it is logic that a hated Government could never be as successful as a popular one. The same is true surrounding the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, ironically called a peace treaty. ...read more.


if the National Party won 15% off the votes in the election, they would be given 15% off the seats in the Reichstag. Whilst that seemed logical it was not a satisfactory state of affairs. Because, without one single ruling party there was continual arguments between parties with opposing views over legislations and this created a stalemate in Parliament. There were also coalitions formed in order to gain the majority in the Parliament, therefore turning the focus away from the running of the country, to backstabbing the other parties. Two other major factors in the downfall were the S.D.P's need to use violence to keep control and their rivalry with the Communists. If, as it was in the S.D.P's case, the leading party needed to use violence to maintain control and quash uprising it showed clearly their political weakness, not something a Government wants to show whilst attempting to steer a country towards a brighter tomorrow. They also feared a revolution similar to that in Russia in 1917. Germany in this period also became very dependent upon American loans through the Dawes Plan, which made the country look good to a visitor but did not spell a happy future for its citizens. ...read more.


Germany also went through a very affluent stage in the mid to late 1920's, the Golden Age. In this time the country's economy blossomed and the Government's public relations rose to an all-time high, and the optimists would believe that if Germany had remained in this stage for longer it would have missed the bad times of the early 1930's and would have continued on it's high. Along with this it would have almost sent the extremist parties into complete obscurity and would have meant no Hitler, no Nazis and no World War II. So there you have it the situation of the Weimar Republic in the pessimists view and in the optimists view, now time for my view. In my opinion the Weimar Republic was doomed to fail because of the serious flaws in Versailles Treaty, which left the country unable to stand unaided and the German constitution left the country exposed to extremists. The argument put forward by the pessimists seems for based on fact and logic, whilst the optimist's views seem more to be based upon ifs and buts not a solid argument. So in conclusion, the Weimar Republic was doomed to failure, no doubt about it. The End ...read more.

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