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Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start?

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Introduction

Lil Maisky Year 11 Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start? In August 1914, Germany and her allies plunged into World War 1 with patriotism and bravery, yet they were somewhat uncertain. This uncertainty was justified as they were entering one of the bloodiest wars in history and the fighting was not going to stop until November 1918, when they "withdrew" from the battlefield. With little help form their allies, and their army being split in two on both Eastern and Western fronts, this was a difficult war to fight and was really the first 'Total War' as those of the 19th Century were short and not very costly. The Treaty of Versailles was a big blow for the Germans as it left them a vulnerable nation owing their country to their former enemies. In 1919, when communist uprisings began to threaten the Government in Berlin, it moved to Weimar and thus became the beginning of the new Weimar Republic. Germany's public was not satisfied with the way the war was drawn to an end. There was a great deal of ill feeling going around as Woodrow Wilson had promised Germany the 14 points. ...read more.

Middle

All in all, the atmosphere in Germany following the First World War was one of chaos, disorder and destruction and the Weimar Republic did not do much in helping the situation. The Treaty of Versailles had a terribly drastic impact on Germany in the sense that her industry was shattered. However, there was really no other way out, it was near impossibility for the Germans to fight their way out of signing the Treaty, and they were in the end forced to go along with the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles. In complying with the Treaty, Germany was not only losing all her pride, but also 16.5 percent of their territory, their army and navy etc... Along with land went people, factories, farms, mines... Germany was not allowed an army stronger than 100 000 thousand men and no more than six battleships, just in order to maintain order in the country. Germany's enemies intended to make sure that she only had a defensive army and that they would no longer have any possible way of attacking their neighbours. The Germans were of course outraged by this control over their nation but there was nothing that they could do to get out of the unfortunate situation that they were in. ...read more.

Conclusion

A presidential system was set up in the country for the first time, thus leaving Germany no longer reliant on her army, which was positive as they sometimes switched sides due to the division of the German people's views on their own opinions. A democracy was established, people could express themselves freely without having to fear about putting their lives at risk. German's economy improved at an alarming rate, her steel production in particular, and the culture of Germany went from practically non-existent to absolutely vibrant. However, their self-confidence was maybe placed on slightly 'shifting sands' and this might have been one of the aspects leading to the actual outcome of the Weimar Republic. In conclusion, the Weimar Republic was founded on defeat and finished in disaster. However, it is not completely fair to say that the Republic was doomed from the start, although the leaders did encounter some complications in overcoming difficulties conflicting with their views. The Government was quite weak in reaction to the many outbursts of the extremist parties, however they ended up dealing with them as well as possible under circumstances. Germany was put into situations with no other acceptable outcomes than the ones chosen. Their actions led to losing half their nations support which couldn't have been very encouraging for the concerned politicians. ...read more.

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