• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was The Weimar Republic Doomed From The Start?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Was The Weimar Republic Doomed From The Start? This essay holds the aim of trying to find out whether this new parliament was doomed from the start or not. Many historians hold the belief that there were good factors about it and there were bad factors as well. The Weimar Republic was not doomed from the start, it simply faced many problems throughout its time; problems that proved to be insurmountable and posed far too big a threat for Weimar to survive. However, there is also evidence that suggests that the Weimar Republic was doomed from the start. From its birth in 1919 there were too many factors against the Republic that it would not have been able to fight. It was born out of defeat making its political and economic position very delicate and it never did gather enough strength or momentum to keep going. The 'Crisis years' (1918-1923), it was called this due to being a period of much unrest and discontentment from all involved. There were social, economic and political breakdowns, causing strong rifts between key individuals. The greatest danger perhaps was 'the weakness within'-the constitution gave the president, the states and the army too much power, whilst proportional voting meant the Reichstag was divided and weak. The system in Parliament meant that the public had many things they did not before; the right to vote, and freedom of speech and because of these factors and more, it was believed by many that it was not doomed from the start. ...read more.

Middle

It was also around this time that hyper inflation came about. A historian by the name of Henny held expressed this fact, 'Inflation escalated to hyper inflation, emphasising a big economical problem' Weimar was only seen as a compromise as no one could really think of a better solution, people were all too glad for change. However, quite soon the novelty of this new government began to tire, certain political parties hated Weimar and worked actively to destroy it, these parties included Nazi's, Nationalists and communists. The Left wing Spartacist group, lead by Luxemburg and Liebknecht, admired the new Russian Communist political system, and with the fall of the Kaiser, saw an opportunity to attempt to place Germany into a similar system. In January 1919 they revolted, and tried to take control of Berlin, with the support of the USDP they proclaimed a new revolutionary government. However, Ebert had already won the support of the military with the Ebert-Groener pact, and the troops suppressed the revolt. This pact was significant, the government had associated itself with the right, and perhaps this early incident is one of the factors which would convince the government to appoint Hitler Chancellor in 1933; a decision which, of course would lead to the Weimar republic's ultimate downfall. At this time, Hitler himself fought hard undermine Weimar, 'Egged on by veterans of both the imperial army and freikorps, even general Lundendorff by his side, in November 1923 Hitler led attempt to overthrow by force the Bavarian government.' ...read more.

Conclusion

It was also in these final years of Weimar that the Wall Street Crash came upon Germany, blighting them severely. The Wall Street crash did not affect her straight away though; it hit America first before hitting Germany in the early 1930's. It was said by historian Geary that '(There were)...Withdrawal of loans due to the Wall Street crash, this meant problems for Weimar and fear for the future.' The role of certain individuals was also detrimental to Weimar's final demise too. It was then President Hindenburg that made a very important decision, a decision that would later change the entire face of history. This particular feat was the controversial decision of making Adolf Hitler Chancellor in January 1933. However this did not end Weimar straight away, it died a slow and agonising death, with Hitler easily amounting enough support from the discontented working class. This simply marked the beginning of the end of Weimar as people knew it. In many people's opinions the Weimar republic was not doomed from the start, even after this has been decided it is indeed hard to exactly pin point when Weimar began to fail. Many believed that it happened from as soon as the Treaty of Versailles was signed in 1923. Geary held this view which I indeed, agree with, 'It was not 1923 that was crucial, it was the collapse of 1929-33 that was really the ultimate failure of Weimar in allowing Hitler to drum up support from the discontented working class.' Andr� Hyde-Braithwaite 12.2 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Describe the problems faced by the Weimar Republic during 1918-1923.

    They later renamed the Sparctacists the German Communist Party. For the next two months violence broke out all over Berlin. It was mainly between the German Communists and Freikorps. After the war senior officers, in the German Army began raising private armies called Freikorps. They were hard bitter men who hated Communism and loved brutality.

  2. The Weimar Republic and its opponents.

    The American Dawes Plan allowed Germany to pay reparations according to its ability and the Young Plan of 1929 gave Germany a further 59 years to pay back the reparations. However, many Germans criticised the dependence of the German economy on US loans as the Plans could easily be ignored

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    This was used to build roads, railways and factories. The economy boomed and led to prosperity. Cultural life also boomed (the Roaring Twenties). � Reforms Stresemann introduced reforms to make life better for the working classes - Labour Exchanges (1927)

  2. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    Hitler brought a libel suit against the committee. Drexler repudiated the pamphlet and the others capitulated. The committee was abolished; Hitler received dictatorial powers as 'President'; and Drexler became Honorary President. WL Shirer "Then and there, in July 1921, was established the 'leadership principle' which was to be the law

  1. Was the collapse of the Weimar Republic inevitable?

    Therefore, if the collapse of the Weimar Republic was inevitable, why had it not collapsed by 1923? It is clear, then, that the Weimar Republic was not as unstable as we are sometimes led to believe. Even though many Germans were suspicious of democracy, they seemed to be tolerating it, and may be even supporting it.

  2. Was the Weimar Republicdoomed to failure from the start?

    Before the arise of any additional problems there was already an instability in the government, with the abandonment of the Kaiserreich, three parties made up the broadly based Weimar coalition. This introduction of proportional representation became a controversial issue and was the subject of much criticism at the time.

  1. To what extent had the Weimar Republic achieved political, economic and social stability by ...

    As well as this Germany never had a favourable trade, with the cost of the imports being higher than the exports. In 1928, before the great depression, the economy started to experience serious problems. There was a decline in the flow of foreign investment as money moved out of Europe

  2. WWII History Revision Notes. How far did the Weimar Republic Recover between 1924-1928.

    No free media (political newspapers were banned) 4. Political opponents were dragged off to concentration camps ? Parties had no leaders HOWEVER, this opposition did increase during the war, especially when German morale was low: 1. ?Swing Youth?: this was a group of teenagers who opposed the Nazi regime and the war effort and in retaliation; they listened to Jazz and went to Jazz parties.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work