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Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from the Start?

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Introduction

Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from the Start? On November 9th 1918, after the Kaiser's abdication it was decided that Germany was to be a republic and Ebert, leader of the SPD party, was appointed chancellor until 1919 and then president until 1925. The republic was designed to be the most democratic system ever and featured proportional representation that meant that each party's share of the seats in government is equal to its share of all the votes cast. It also featured a coalition government from 1919 to 1930, which consisted of the SPD, the DDP, the DVP and the centre party (catholic party). It was known as the Weimar Republic because although it later moved to Berlin, the documents had to be signed in the Reichstag building in Weimar because Berlin was thought to be too dangerous at the time with the Spartacist uprising taking place. ...read more.

Middle

This could have been a very serious threat but Kapp however was incompetent. The next threat was economic disaster in 1923 with the French occupation of the Ruhr, which then led to Hyperinflation. After a reparations figure had been set in 1921 and Germany had stopped paying them in 1922, the French Prime Minister Poincare sent French troops into the industrial heart of Germany - the Ruhr. Germany declared passive resistance and the Ruhr went on strike. In order to pay the workers, the Government had to print more money, which led to hyperinflation. However when Stresemann became chancellor of Germany he decided to give up the strike and introduced a new currency called the Rentenmark. This brought and end to hyperinflation. The final threat was the Munich putsch in 1923. This was when the extreme right wing march from Hitler who wanted to make himself fuhrer. However this was stopped by a group of police who were not supposed to be there. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is quite likely that without the depression Hitler would have never got into power. Overall the Weimar republic was not doomed from the start because it lasted for fifteen years, which could be viewed a substantial amount of time. It also survived the dangerous period of 1919 - 1923 and it was only the collapse of the American economy after the Wall Street crash that gave Hitler the chance to get to power. However it could have been doomed because certain people would view 15 years as a short amount of time in terms of History. Proportional representation also meant that there were lots of political parties in power and the Weimar coalition had weak leadership. Finally vitally important institutions such as the army, president Hindenburg, the law courts and police, the universities and the civil cervices were antidemocratic. In conclusion I think that the Weimar republic was not doomed from the start because it was only the collapse of the American economy that gave Hitler the change to gain power, until that Germany was doing fine and the Weimar republic was a success. Juri Gregurec ...read more.

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