• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from the Start?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from the Start? On November 9th 1918, after the Kaiser's abdication it was decided that Germany was to be a republic and Ebert, leader of the SPD party, was appointed chancellor until 1919 and then president until 1925. The republic was designed to be the most democratic system ever and featured proportional representation that meant that each party's share of the seats in government is equal to its share of all the votes cast. It also featured a coalition government from 1919 to 1930, which consisted of the SPD, the DDP, the DVP and the centre party (catholic party). It was known as the Weimar Republic because although it later moved to Berlin, the documents had to be signed in the Reichstag building in Weimar because Berlin was thought to be too dangerous at the time with the Spartacist uprising taking place. ...read more.

Middle

This could have been a very serious threat but Kapp however was incompetent. The next threat was economic disaster in 1923 with the French occupation of the Ruhr, which then led to Hyperinflation. After a reparations figure had been set in 1921 and Germany had stopped paying them in 1922, the French Prime Minister Poincare sent French troops into the industrial heart of Germany - the Ruhr. Germany declared passive resistance and the Ruhr went on strike. In order to pay the workers, the Government had to print more money, which led to hyperinflation. However when Stresemann became chancellor of Germany he decided to give up the strike and introduced a new currency called the Rentenmark. This brought and end to hyperinflation. The final threat was the Munich putsch in 1923. This was when the extreme right wing march from Hitler who wanted to make himself fuhrer. However this was stopped by a group of police who were not supposed to be there. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is quite likely that without the depression Hitler would have never got into power. Overall the Weimar republic was not doomed from the start because it lasted for fifteen years, which could be viewed a substantial amount of time. It also survived the dangerous period of 1919 - 1923 and it was only the collapse of the American economy after the Wall Street crash that gave Hitler the chance to get to power. However it could have been doomed because certain people would view 15 years as a short amount of time in terms of History. Proportional representation also meant that there were lots of political parties in power and the Weimar coalition had weak leadership. Finally vitally important institutions such as the army, president Hindenburg, the law courts and police, the universities and the civil cervices were antidemocratic. In conclusion I think that the Weimar republic was not doomed from the start because it was only the collapse of the American economy that gave Hitler the change to gain power, until that Germany was doing fine and the Weimar republic was a success. Juri Gregurec ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Was The Weimar Republic Doomed From The Start?

    There was a significant lack of support; this was noted by several historians including Bessel, 'All support was lost in 1920's because of hyper inflation and lack of stability'. Another view that he expressed for the reason why the new Weimar government was failing was because, 'Germany was so used to having a monarchy and not a democratic constitution'.

  2. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    P�hner (the former Munich police chief) and Frick (see above) were both Nazis, and were sent to occupy the police HQ with a band of SA troops. However, as soon as they arrived, von Lossow's men arrested them. It was obvious to Hitler and Ludendorff that the Putsch was not going to plan.

  1. Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start? ...

    Hitler went to prison and many of the protestors were killed. In the October of 1925, Stresemann signed the treaty of Locarno, which prevented any further incursions on its western frontiers. The allies then withdrew their forces from occupation, and Germany was granted a place in the League of Nations in the following year.

  2. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    Other communist rebellions were put down in March 1921 in Saxony and Hamburg. * Hyper inflation The most important economic impact of the treaty of Versailles was its demand on Germany to pay reparations (compensation for war damage). The figure for the reparations was eventually fixed by the Allies at 132,000,000,000 marks (�6,600,000,000).

  1. Was the Weimar Republicdoomed to failure from the start?

    However, there were also a fair amount of winners who benefited from the situation; those with debts and mortgages, tradesmen and exporters due to the weakness of the mark, people involved in industry and real estate. Hyperinflation had both advantages and disadvantages regarding the survival of Weimar.

  2. Was The Weimar Doomed From The Start?

    Their navy was restricted to 6 battleships, and all of Germanys colonies were taken from them and give to the Allies. The Allies also decided to create the League of Nations, primarily to ensure Germany followed the treaty, but also to uphold world peace.

  1. Was the Weimar republic doomed by the events of 1918-19?

    Naturally, the German public was unhappy over this. By the time Germany was on the verge of defeat, the Second Reich was thrown out of office and was replaced by the Weimar Republic. Ebert, who was a socialist leader and became the president of the new republic, blamed it all

  2. WWII History Revision Notes. How far did the Weimar Republic Recover between 1924-1928.

    Factories only produced industrial materials for war 2. Air raids and labour shortage due to the large number of Jewish people who had been sent to concentration camps ? VICTIMS of their OWN POLICIES 3. More propaganda was introduced to keep the morale 1944-1945: Failure and Defeat of Germany (Britain won- YES BOYS!)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work